|Honeycomb are hexagonal cells;
geometrically perfect is a wonderful structure, built of wax, with maximum utilization of
space that is home for an insect known as honeybee (Apis mellifera). These bees are called
social insects because they live in colonies and are natural pollinators and have many jobs to do.
Some are builders; some collect food, some defend the colony and queen bee a single large
fertile female is responsible for reproduction. In fact all the bees are hard workers. The
bees assimilate the nectar of various flowers and fruits, and form within its body the honey,
which it stores in the honeycomb. Nectar the sweet liquid produced in granular structures
called nectary, concealed near the base of the flower so that the bee has to go deep into
the flower to obtain nectar, in the process, pollen which sticks to their legs gets
brushed onto the stigma, fertilization occurs effectively.
The honey that it produces cannot be made artificially even by the combined efforts of many men at such lower cost. The manpower required to manufacture honey is an exorbitant task requiring many people to collect nectar from flower to flower with the help of a syringe. But, ponder over this creation of Allah the tiny bee, which does a two in one job, collecting nectar and pollinating the flowers at the ratio of several hundreds men at a time. Imagine the unnecessary loss that occurs, to produce honey, we have to set up a large farm, huge expenditure towards maintenance of the laborers, for doing this tiresome job, and a loss of precious time. The process of light dusting of pollen with a goose-down-tipped stick promotes fertilization of pear trees in Japan. And also the use of tractor sprayer or plane is used to spray pollen grains for pollination, where the overuse of pesticide has decimated natural pollinators, the bee.
The bee is a great source of natural wealth. As food, honey is sweet and wholesome. Its flavour varies, and it is used as an all purpose medicine for human beings. Honey comprises of various sugars, mainly laevulose and dextrose, with enzymes, colouring matter, acids, and pollen grains. It has been antibacterial properties and was widely used in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome as a wound salve and to treat skin inflammation. It stimulates digestion, regulates the acidity of gastric juices and is a remedy for the stomach and duodenal ulcers. It is vital for physically and mentally exhausted or those weakened by grave illness. It is also used to improve overall physical state and to raise haemoglobin content in blood for cardiovascular diseases, liver, bile duct and kidney troubles. The glucose contained in honey promotes the dilation of blood vessels, thereby normalizing the circulation. The calorific value of honey per 100 GMS is 335. While, Western medicine (Allopathic) uses alcohol as preservative, plus a good nutrient. It is also said that honey does not cause as much problem as consumption of sugar, since honey is digested sugar.
THE Quran said "There issues from within their bodies a drink of varying colours, wherein is a healing for men" (16.69). But it is not good for those suffering from sugar diabetics. Bee stings may prove to be fatal to people who are allergic to them. And the way the bees find out inaccessible places, in hills, in the trees and even among the habitations of men is one of the marvels of Allahs creation "And the Lord taught the bee to build its cells in hills, on trees and in (mens) habittions" (16.68).
How do the bees convey news of rich source of nectar to their own specie? Bees transmit information to each other about food sources by a dance, each movement giving rise to sound impulses which are picked up by tiny hairs on the back of the bees head, the orientation of the dance also having significance. They use the sun in navigation, possibly in combination with a reading of the earths magnetic field through an in-built tissue between the eye and brain. Besides their use in crop pollination and production of honey and wax, bees (by a measure of contaminants brought back to their hives) can provide an inexpensive and effective monitor of industrial and other pollution of the atmosphere and soil.
Bees in a honey comb may count something about 40 to 50 thousands.To make about a tablespoonful of honey, a single bee has to be visit about 2,000 flowers. The combined efforts of all these bees present in a honeycomb results in a pound of honey and in an average bees can make about 100 pounds of honey in a season.