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Founder of Paksitan
The supporter of the Muslims of the subcontinent, the great leader, Quaid-e-Azam, Mohammad Ali Jinnah was born in Karachi on 25th December 1876. His father was Jinnah Poonja and his mother was Mitthi Bai. He received his first education at home. As a child, Mohammad Ali did not like to study. At the age of 11, Jinnah started going to Sindh Madrasatul Islam, Karachi. At that time who could expect a child master in games to become the Founder of Pakistan.
At the advice of a friend of Jinnah Poonja, the Quaid was sent to Europe as an apprentice at Grahams Shipping and Trading Company in 1892. On the contrary, before going, his mother had married Jinnah to Ami Bai, as she was afraid that some girl might try to lure such a handsome unmarried man. This was probably the only important decision that he allowed others to make for him.
After a year, he began thinking of his prospect sincerely and decided that he will become a barrister as almost all the famous leaders had been lawgivers. Thus, he sat in the admission examinations known as Little Go and joined Lincoln’s Inn. He said he joined there because, “I had read the name of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) on the entrance gateway of the building included in the list of the greatest lawgivers of the world. His father was reluctant to it but listened to his self-confident son. Finally, in 1895 he became the youngest Bar-at-Law. His mother died in the same year.
When Jinnah returned to Karachi, he found his fathers business failing. Anxious to help his family, Quaid moved to Bombay where he joined Bombay High Court. After a few years as a lawyer, he started his career as a politician. After joining Congress in 1906, he deeply started thinking about the future of the Muslims in the Subcontinent. Jinnah then joined Muslim League in 1913.
Quaid believed in the Hindu-Muslim Unity. He was made its Ambassador. Jinnah soon realized that the Congress was working only for the Hindus so he resigned from the Congress in 1920. He made several attempts for the unity of the two nations but failed. Finally, in 1928, the Ambassador of the Hindu-Muslim Unity was forced to say, “Let us part…” During the Round Table Conferences, all efforts to unite the Hindus and Muslims had failed. In 1933, Choudhry Rehmat Ali suggested the name for the new country: Pakistan-which means the “Land of Pure”.
Finally, the Lahore Resolution was passed in Lahore at Iqbal Park. The Hindu newspapers had used the name of Pakistan Resolution for the Lahore Resolution. On this Quaid-e-Azam had said that if the Hindus think that the Muslims will be taunted by it, then they are wrong. Instead, from now on the Muslims would call it the Pakistan Resolution. Seven years after the Pakistan Resolution had been passed the Muslims achieved independence and Pakistan was created on 14th August 1947. Thus, they were able to change the map of the world in the leadership of Mohammad Ali Jinnah. Quad-e-Azam was made the first Governor General of Pakistan by the thankful nation. Even so, he lost on his health in the bargain and died in Karachi on 11th September 1948. The nation continued to weep for 40 days on the death of the Father of the Nation.
Mohammed Ali Jinnah always encouraged the Muslims of the Indian Subcontinent to stay united, and well organized. His motto had been Unity, Fait, Discipline, which is equally true for the Pakistanis as well as the Muslim Ummah.
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