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By Usama Ahmed Khan-Class IX

St .Peter’s High School,
Karachi

PIA - Pakistan International Airlines




Introduction

Air transport is given a lot of importance in the world. In Pakistan too, it has its importance. It is essential to have air communication for maintaining and improving relations with other countries. Access to some areas of our country is only possible through airways. Keeping in view the growing industrial and commercial requirements of the country, it is necessary to develop quick and speedy means of communication.

 The Formation of PIAC
This document serves to provide a summary of the History of PIA (PIAC or Pakistan International Airlines Corporation), Pakistan's national flag carrier. The roots of PIA date to pre-partition, since it acquired Orient Airways, which was the creation of Quaid-e-Azam, Mohammad Ali Jinnah. On the advice of the Quaid, who realised partition of the Sub-continent was inevitable, Orient Airways, the First Muslim owned airline, was founded in Calcutta, 1946 by Mr Isphahani.

In 1951 the government realised that the Pakistan needed a National Flag carrier; it ordered three Lockheed L-1049C Super Constellations that year and the concept of PIA was established. PIA flew its first service from Karachi to Dacca (now Dhaka) on 7th June 1954, linking the two wings of Eastern and
Western Pakistan, the latter now being Bangladesh.

The acquisition of Orient Airways through Merger took place in April 1955.

Flight International's Survey of
10th April 1969

PIA,
Thirty three years ago, in Flight International's World Airline Survey, the publication had summarized PIA as follows:-

Pakistan International Airlines Corporation (PIA) was founded by the Government of Pakistan on March 11, 1955, when PIA took over Orient Airways.

As a company PIA had been founded in 1951 and its first operations were between East and West Pakistan in June 1954. A service to
London was begun in early 1955. The Corporation is responsible for the operation of all services within Pakistan, including airbus services and feeder services in East and West Pakistan and regional services to Katmandu, Rangoon and Kabul. An eleven times-weekly service between Karachi and London is operated via points in the Middle East and Europe, and via Moscow. PIA also operates services to Bangkok, Canton and Shanghai and to Jeddah, Nairobi, Dubai, Doha and to Bahrain and Kuwait. Short takeoff and landing (STOL) aircraft are being considered as a replacement for the helicopter services in East Pakistan.

Pakistan International in the 70s and 80s

In 1974 PIA contracted Negus and Negus of London to re-design a new more attractive livery that would be more favourably attributed to the Airline. They came up with the Green and Gold livery, which had remained until the late 80s/Very Early 90s.

The 90s

PIA replaced it's infamous Green and Gold livery with a more sporty one of Green, Moss Green and Turquoise stripes. It is said by PIA, that this new theme is a sportier look, representing the active participation and sponsorship of
Pakistan's National Sports.

In 1999, PIA acquired five Ex-Cathay Pacific Boeing 747-367s to replace the older series 747s operating on Long-Haul International routes. Though some of the older 747s still operate such as in mixed configuration.

PIA-Present Day

PIA is currently seeking New Aircraft to extend it's fleet, interest lies in the Airbus A340, More 747-367s or the Wide body 777. Whilst at the time of writing the exact purchase plans have not been concreted, many will welcome further evolution of the National Flag carrier. 

PIA services are available to large cities like Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Peshwar, Multan, Hyderabad, Sukkar, and Quetta. Some intermediate-size towns have also been linked like Nawabshah, Jacobabad, Mianwali, Banu, Kohat and Dera Ismail Khan. It also links small places, which have transport difficulties like Gilgit, Chitral, Skardu. Zhob, Khuzdar, Panjgur, Pasni, Gwador, Turbat, and Jiwani and important historical places like Moen-jo-daro. It has wide links outside Pakistan and links many European countries like UK, Germany, France, Italy, Russia etc. It goes to the USA and also connects most of the countries of the Middle East and a few African countries. It goes to India, Malaysia, Philippines, Bangladesh, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, China, Hong Kong and Japan. The result of this expansion has been that the number of passengers and cargo handled by PIA has greatly increased. In 1955-56 PIA carried 1.1 million passengers, which more than doubled in five years’ time. After a slight setback during 1971-74 the passenger traffic has steadily increased and was about 4 million in 1985-86. The international traffic has registered a more phenomenal growth. The passenger load factor fluctuates between 55-65%.  

Fatal Events Since 1970 for Pakistan International Airlines

The following events are those involving at least one passenger death where the aircraft flight had a direct or indirect role. Excluded would be events where the only passengers killed were stowaways, hijackers, or saboteurs.

1.       5 August 1970; Pakistan International Airlines F27; Islamabad, Pakistan: The aircraft entered a steep dive and crashed about three minutes after a night takeoff in poor weather. All four crew members and 26 passengers were killed.

 

  1. 31 December 1970; Pakistan International Airlines F27; East Pakistan: The aircraft lost altitude and impacted about 300 feet (90 meters) short of the runway. Seven of the 31 passengers were killed.

 

  1. 8December 1972; Pakistan International Airlines F27; near Jalot, Pakistan: The aircraft struck high ground during a flight under deteriorating weather conditions. All five crew members and 28 passengers were killed.

 

  1. 26 November 1979; Pakistan International Airlines 707-300; near Jeddah, Saudi Arabia: A fire developed in the rear of the passenger cabin about 18 minutes after takeoff. During the emergency air turn back, the crew was incapacitated by smoke and fumes and the aircraft crashed about 87 miles (140 km) from the airport. The source of the fire was not determined, but the most probable source was the ignition of fuel from a portable stove carried by a passenger. All 11 crewmembers and 145 passengers were killed.

 

  1. 23 October 1986; Pakistan International Airlines F27; near Peshawar, Pakistan: The aircraft struck the ground about 2.5 miles (4 km) short of the runway during a night approach. Six of the seven-crew members and 7 of the 47 passengers were killed.

 

  1. 25 August 1989; Pakistan International Airlines F27; near Jalot, Pakistan: The aircraft was reported missing after a flight through mountain valleys and poor weather. All five crew members and 49 passengers were presumed killed.

 

  1. 28 September 1992; Pakistan International Airlines A300B4; near Katmandu, Nepal: The crew was flying the aircraft was flying an approach about 1600 feet (1000 meters) lower than planned when the aircraft collided with high ground. The event happened in daylight and with cloud shrouding the mountains. All 12 crew and 155 passengers were killed.

Pakistan Airways

International

 Local 

 PIA - Pakistan International Airlines

 

 

 By Usama Ahmed Khan
GR No. 21098

Class IX-A

Date of preparation: 11-10-2002
Date of submission: 14-10-2002

 

     

 

         

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