ISLAMABAD, Oct 18 (NNI):
A study conducted by the
Pakistan Council of Research in Water Resources reveals that 87% water in
Rawalpindi and 75% in Islamabad is not fit for human consumption because
of bacteria contamination.
The findings of the water quality assessments were made public by the
Chairman of the Council, Dr. Muhammad Akram Kahlun at a news conference
The study says most of water samples except for Simy Dam reservoir in
Islamabad and Chitti Tanki in Rawalpindi were found fit in respect of
colour, odour and taste. Similarly, in respect of chemical quality both
ground and surface water samples come up to the WHO and Pakistan Standard
Institute standards for drinking water.
The findings of the Council, however, show that 75% samples in islamabad
and 87% samples in Rawalpindi were found unsafe for human consumption due
to bacterial contamination.
The Chairman pointed out that water samples collected from Noorpur Shahan,
which is first distribution point after treatment from Simply Dam, and
seven million gallon reservoir of CDA were found free from bacterial
contamination. This means that the problem may be within the distribution
system due to intermittent water supply, leakage of pipes, pollution from
sewerage pipes and contaminated local cisterns in the houses.
He said water supply agencies like CDA and Rawalpindi WASA are being
approached to ensure the supply of safe water upto consumer end by adding
appropriate dose of chlorine and fulfilling effective treatment
He said public should also periodically clean all domestic underground and
overhead tanks in their houses. He said use of lead free gasoline for
vehicles should be encouraged particularly in areas like Islamabad and
Rawalpindi where surface water is the main source of drinking water to
avoid excessive absorption of lead from atmosphere.
The Chairman PCRWR recommended that lead or plastic pipes having lead
contents and use of sub-standard chemicals in water treatment should be
discouraged. He also proposed that no new water supply scheme should be
approved unless detailed investigation of water quality, quantity and its
sustainability have been carried out.
He said the study is part of a major programme launched to monitor quality
of water in the country. National Water Quality Monitoring Programme
covers twenty-one cities from all the four provinces in the first phase.
He said donor agencies have shown interest to expand the programme to
rural areas where majority of the population lives.
The cities where the programme has been launched include Rawalpindi,
Islamabad, Gujrat, Lahore, Sialkot, Sheikhpura, Gujranwala, Faisalabad,
Kasur, Bahawalpur, Multan, Hyderabad, Karachi, Sukkur, Quetta, Khuzdar,
Loralai, Ziarat, Peshawar, Mardan and Mangora.ŚNNI