YORK, May 30,
- Pakistan's permanent representatives to the United Nations, Munir Akram,
has said the root cause of the confrontation between India and Pakistan was
Addressing a press conference at the U.N. headquarters, Akram made it clear
"Pakistan had never subscribed to a doctrine of "no first use" of nuclear
arms against its South Asian neighbor----What it did subscribe to was
“no-first use of force" clearly indicates that we'll go for nuclear attack
Briefing the press on tensions between the two countries, he said that since
1948, the United Nations had adopted several resolutions which prescribed
that the future of Kashmir should be decided by its people through a free
and fair plebiscite conducted under United Nations auspices. That pledge had
not been fulfilled leading to the present tension, he underlined.
India, he said, had sent over 700,000 troops into Indian-occupied Kashmir -
an area the size of Belgium. Seventy thousand Kashmiris had died, thousands
more had been maimed and incarcerated.
Akram rejected that the Kashmiris struggle for freedom was terrorism.
two attacks last year, on the Kashmiri Legislative Assembly on 31 October
and on the Indian Parliament on 13 December, were incidents utilized by
India to revive its allegations that Pakistan was a sponsor of terrorism, he
the attack of May 14 took place on an Indian cantonment in Srinagar, India
once again revived its allegations, threatened war against Pakistan and took
several military moves to escalate the tension, including moving ships from
the Bay of Bengal to the Arabian Sea, he pointed out.
Pakistan, he said, had responded to calls from the international community
not to escalate the situation.
However, he warned, Pakistan had made it clear that if a war was thrust upon
it, if India did commit aggression against Pakistan, it would respond with
its full might.
Asked if he would welcome a more effective impartial monitoring of the Line
of Control (LOC) than what had been performed so far by the United Nations
Military Observer Group for India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), Akram said that
his Government had proposed a strengthening of UNMOGIP.
current number of 35 observers has to be substantially increased to
effectively monitor the LOC, he demanded. India has so far refused to have
monitors along the 750-kilometre line.
There were three layers of troops along that line as well as mines and
fences. If people were getting through those defences, India had to ask
itself how people were able to get through, Munir Akram said.
Asked constituted an act of aggression by India, he explained that any
action by India across the border, any aerial attack on Pakistani territory
and its assets, and any action to economically strangle Pakistan would be
viewed aggression and would be responded to by Pakistan.
Regarding nuclear weapons, he stated that Pakistan had never subscribed to a
first use policy.
the possibility for dialogue, he stated that Pakistan had always sought
dialogue for all of its problems with India, including Kashmir.
Asked what Pakistan expected from the U.N. Security Council, he said that
the Council had a responsibility for addressing the Kashmir dispute for two
reasons. First, its resolutions had prescribed the modalities for the
solution of the problem. Second, all the parties had the responsibility to
implement the Council's resolutions.
regard to President Putin offer to mediate talks between the two sides,
Akram said that Pakistan had responded positively to that offer. If India
accepted the offer, his Government would welcome the opportunity for a
dialogue, he added.