- 5 T vegetable oil
-2 cinnamon sticks
-6 garlic cloves
-1 T cardamom seeds
-1 large onion chopped
-2 garlic cloves ,crushed
-1 1/2 inch fresh ginger,peeled
-1 1/2 lb lean lamb,cubed
-1 1/4 cup yogurt(plain)
-1 tsp saffron threads,soaked in
2 T boiling water
-1/2 tsp chili pwd
-1/2 cup ground almonds
-1 tsp salt
-1 1/2 cup coconut milk
-2 dried red challis
1. Heat oil in a
Add cinnamon,cloves and
cardamom and fry for 1 minute.Add
onion, sauté until soft,
2. Add garlic and ginger and fry for 3 minutes,stirring frequently.Add
lamb cubes and fry until brown, about 5
minutes. 3. Whisk yogurt, saffron mixture,
salt and chili powder
together and addto lamb cubes. Cook for
5 minutes. 4. Grind almonds with enough water
to form a thick paste. Add paste
and whole chilies to
stir well to mix paste with gravy.
Simmer for 5 minutes
over low heat. 5. Add coconut milk,
reduce heat to low, cover and simmer
for 35-40 minutes or until lamb is
cooked through and tender. Uncover the pan for the last 10
minutes of cooking. 6. Transfer to a warmed dish and
serve at once.
Storing flour in an airtight container and refrigerating it
doubles their storage time.
what are the risks?Dehydration:
One of the biggest dangers of a heat wave is the
increased risk of dehydration.
This is the loss of water from the body, and with it
important blood salts like potassium and sodium
which play a vital role in the function of organs
such as the kidneys, brain and heart.
It can lead to confusion, lethargy and problems with
breathing and heart rate.
Under normal circumstances the sweat we produce when
we get hot keeps us cool when it evaporates from the
surface of our skin.
However, on extremely hot days, or when we
over-exert ourselves, this system can fail, and body
temperature can start to climb to dangerous levels.
This leads to heat stroke or exhaustion. This can
cause headaches, dizziness and muscle cramps, but it
can also be life-threatening.
It is particularly dangerous because symptoms can
come on very rapidly, and - unless you are watching
for the signs - very little warning.
A sun tan may look nice, but it is actually a sign
of damage to the skin. Not only is sunburn painful,
it can accelerate the ageing process, and increase
the risk of skin cancer, including the potentially
fatal form, melanoma.
What is the best way to avoid problems?
Drink lots of liquids: As you will be losing
more fluid than normal, it is important to top up
your supplies. The best way to keep yourself
hydrated is to drink water, and to sip it, rather
than gulp it down.
On an average day, a person weighing 58kg (128lb)
should drink eight average-sized glasses of water.
As a general rule, for every 2lbs (0.9kg) of body
weight, you need one fluid ounce (28.4ml) of water.
In very hot weather, consumption should be
increased. However, drinking excessive amounts can
bring problems of its own.
If you can't face drinking lots of water,
non-carbonated soft drinks, such as fruit juice, are
a reasonable alternative. Modify your
Avoid hot, heavy food.
Salt pills are available to replace minerals lost in
the sweat. However, most diets contain more than
enough salt, and so this is unlikely to be
Stay out of
The best place to be on a blistering day is in the
If you start to feel queasy or ill then get out of
direct sunlight as quickly as possible.
The sun is at its most dangerous between 11am and
Do not exercise vigorously during the hottest times
of the day. Instead, run, jog or exercise closer to
sunrise or sunset.
Take things slowly and adapt to the pace of life in
the sun. If you feel breathless or your heart is
pounding, stop what you are doing and try to cool
your body down, for example, by taking a cool
shower. Rest if you feel faint or dizzy.
Wear light, loose-fitting clothing, such as cotton,
so sweat can evaporate.
Dark, heavy clothes absorb heat, but remember that
some thin materials do not provide a sufficient
barrier to the sun's dangerous UV rays. It is also a
good idea to wear a wide-brimmed sunhat, preferably
Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes.
Ventilate your home: Keep windows open all day
and all night and use fans. This is particularly
important at night, when the body cools down.
Avoid heat traps: Try to avoid anywhere where
shelter is minimal, and ventilation poor. Parked
cars can be a particular hazard. If you can, try to
stay in an air-conditioned environment. If you have
no alternative, but to travel in a hot, stuffy
environment - for instance on the Tube - then make
sure you carry a bottle of water with you. If you
face a long journey, it may be wise to plan breaks
to go above ground for some fresh air.
Take special care of the vulnerable:
Those most at risk from the sun include children
under four, people over 65 whose bodies adapt more
slowly to the change in temperature, overweight
people whose bodies tend to retain heat more and
people who are ill. Babies are particularly
vulnerable to heat as their sweat glands are not
It is important not to wrap them up in blankets or
heavy clothing when it is hot - but it is equally
important to ensure that they are not exposed to
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Compelling new evidence for benefits of
by Kate Melville (www.sciencegogo.com)
findings in the New England Journal of
Medicine, American and Ugandan
scientists working in Africa describe how
adult male circumcision can significantly
decrease infection rates for the two most
common sexually transmitted infections -
herpes and the human papillomavirus (HPV -
the virus that causes cervical cancer and
genital warts). The findings build upon
which found that circumcision decreases a
man's risk of acquiring HIV infection
through heterosexual intercourse by more
than 50 percent.
The study was conducted by scientists at the
Rakai Health Sciences Program in Uganda in
collaboration with researchers at the Johns
Hopkins University, Makerere University in
Kampala, Uganda, and the National Institute
of Allergy and Infectious Disease's (NIAID)
Division of Intramural Research.
The findings are based on the examination of
samples from two parallel clinical trials in
Rakai that successfully proved male
circumcision as an HIV prevention method and
also assessed the procedure's ability to
prevent other sexually transmitted
infections, including syphilis and HSV-2.
These infections cause genital ulcers and
are associated with an increased risk of HIV
acquisition. The research team also assessed
circumcision's effect on HPV infections,
which can cause anal, cervical and penile
cancers and genital warts.
Analyzing the effect of circumcision on
HSV-2 acquisition across both studies, the
researchers found that the cumulative
probability of HSV-2 infection was
significantly lower among those volunteers
who received immediate circumcision (8
percent) than among those in the control
group who were circumcised at 24 months (10
percent). Overall, the researchers found
that medically supervised circumcision
reduced the men's risk of HSV-2 infection by
The combined results from both trials also
demonstrated a 35 percent reduction in HPV
prevalence among men in the intervention
group. In evaluating a subgroup of
volunteers at 24 months, high-risk HPV
strains associated with certain cancers were
detected in 42 of 233 men in the
intervention group and in 80 of 287 men in
the control group. The report notes,
however, that circumcision did not affect
the incidence of syphilis.
"The cumulative scientific evidence
supporting the public health value of
medically supervised male circumcision is
now overwhelming," contends Thomas C. Quinn,
study co-investigator and chief of the
International HIV/STD Section in NIAID's
Laboratory of Immunoregulation. "This new
research confirms the substantial health
benefits of male circumcision, including
reduced acquisition of HIV, genital herpes,
HPV and genital ulcer disease."
The biological reasons why circumcision may
reduce the risk of HSV-2 and HPV infection,
but not syphilis, are not entirely known.
HSV-2 and HPV multiply in epithelial cells
found in the surface skin of the penis, and
the foreskin may facilitate virus entry into
those cells. Once circumcision has been
performed, the risk of epithelial infection
may be reduced, the authors note.
As with most strategies to prevent sexually
transmitted infections, adult male
circumcision is not completely effective.
Therefore, the authors note, safe sex
practices, including consistent condom use,
are still necessary.
ContactPakistan.com or its team does not incur upon itself any legal
responsibility regarding below community services.
Dear Contact Pakistan, I am a
member since 2002 and have seen all the progress that CP has
made. I am proud to be part of this community. Recently I
have listened to your program GupShup for the first time.
For me it was a whole new experience. I really enjoyed the
show with Mrs. Ambreen. In fact my wife and daughter sat
along with me on the PC to listen to this very informative
program for our ladies. Thank you so much for putting all
the efforts and brining the best for all of us. I have a
question, should I wish to produce my own program how can I
do that? Does it require some hardware to buy and another
Hope to hear from you soon. Arshad Mahmood, Jeddah.
Thanks for being with us since so long. And thank you for
liking our program GupShup on Webcast Radio Contact
Pakistan. Yes you can always produce a program of your own
by using your existing. It really does not require costly
hardware or even software. A PC with a 20 Riyals mic, good
space on the HD and any shareware audio recording software
can produce you a quality program. Once you are comfortable
with your recording then we can introduce you to more
sophisticated software for studio quality programming. By
the way our programs prior to March were recorded in the
same type of setup and hardware. Before you start a program,
you will be required to discuss the format with
News@contactPakistan.com to make sure that your format
and contents match CP policies. Also remember we only accept
programs that you will produce at least for three months.
Regards - Tahir
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with Mother Nature - What is the Cost?
Wishing you are all hale and hearty.
You might have noticed that our recent discussions have
mostly been on environment and nature.
Why is environment and nature becoming such an issue these
days? It is because that now people have started realizing
how man has fiddle with Mother Nature and her processes and
caused disturbance that is no less than nightmare.
People try to grow flower plants that they find attractive.
For this they make sure they are nourished well. They
willingly take up the task of watering them, feeding them
and keeping them free of weeds. In olden times, there were
stretches of greenery and colorful flowers. No man had to
take the duty of maintaining them. Nature took care of it.
Dandelions, violets and thistles grew around. Places where
there were plenty of rain showers, hosted such plants that
required ample water. Those areas that received scanty rains
were home to such shrubs that could bear drought periods.
Butterflies, bees flocked to these colorful blossoms. While
they sucked nectar from flowers, pollen grains would settle
on the legs of these tiny animals. As they flew away, these
pollen grains got dispersed and hence caused these blossoms
to grow in abundance. Nature had its own way of flourishing.
But man intruded in it. The tiny weeds and shrubs were
considered undesirable and plucked out to be replaced by
fine green grass with no colors of tiny blossoms in it. The
lack of color attracted no butterflies or bees, but worms.
Since the region’s climate does not favor this grass, so now
man has to employ means to maintain it. Man fertilizes the
grass to grow. Once it grows, he mows it and throws away the
excess length. In summers, when it is hot and growth of
grass takes a back seat, man waters the grass to make it
grow. How weird! Something that nature had taken care of…man
tried to have control over it and thus added to his burden.
Trees are great blessings of nature. Yet man has not
abstained from tampering with them either. If you look at
the natural cycle of trees, you will see that in spring
season, trees grow leaves and blossoms. This is so that they
can provide the much desired shade in the scorching coming
summers. When summers end and autumn sets in, the leaves on
the trees become dry and brittle. The trees shed their
leaves which fall to the ground, covering the soil like a
blanket. In winters, during dry spell, the earth is able to
maintain its moisture because of the protective cover of
these dried leaves. Thus the roots of plants and trees are
able to survive. The leaves continue to rot and decompose
and finally become part of soil thus making it more fertile.
But man-for him these dried leaves are rubbish. He does not
let the earth be covered by these dried leaves and have them
raked and thrown away. Thinking he is more efficient than
nature, man chops down trees; grind them to make a
protective substance that they spread over the soil in
winters. Thus reducing the number of trees which are lungs
If only we could let circle of life run in its natural
form... (Think about it…) Ms. Amna
Tariq Holy City of Makkah-Ul-Mukarrama
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