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- 2 hard boiled eggs, sliced
- 2 tbsp. butter
- 4 tbsp. mayonnaise
- salt and freshly milled pepper
- 8 large slices of white bread
Mash the eggs with a fork or place
in a food processor and pulse once or twice. Transfer to a
medium bowl, add butter and mayonnaise. Stir well with a
fork to blend the ingredients. Season well with salt and
2. Spread 4 slices of bread with a thin layer of mayonnaise.
Spread the remaining 4 slices with good amount of egg
filling, top with the mayonnaise slices and press gently.
Remove crust and cut each sandwich 2 into triangles.
3. Serve with
Okra will not stick to the vessel
Adding a spoonful of curd to the Okra while cooking while
ensure that they do not stick to the vessel or turn black.
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Fevers are fact of life for most children. In most
cases they are nothing to worry about, but it is
important to monitor the symptoms closely and to
seek medical advice if they persist.
is a fever?
Fever has been defined as a body temperature
elevated to at least 1F above the 'normal' of 98.6F
(37.0C). A baby's temperature normally varies by as
much as 2F, depending on the temperature of his
surroundings, clothing worn, degree of stress, level
of activity or time of day.
What prompts a fever?
In most cases a fever is the body's reaction to an
acute viral or bacterial infection. Raising the
temperature helps create an inhospitable environment
for viral or bacterial invaders, it also stimulates
the production of disease-fighting white blood
Why are babies prone to fevers?
The body's temperature control system is not well
developed in babies. Infant and childhood fevers can
be caused by a number of different factors
are the symptoms? Typical symptoms of a fever
include coughing, aches or pains, an inability to
sleep and shivering. Other symptoms include poor
appetite, lethargy and prolonged irritability. In
some cases breathing may be difficult.
What are the treatments? Dehydration is a risk
for infants, and a feverish baby should always be
given lots of fluids. A child with a temperature of
less than 102F (38.8C) does not always require
immediate medical attention. The child should be
observed, and help sought if the symptoms appear to
get worse, or the fever does not subside within 24
hours. A child with a temperature of 102F or higher
should be given paracetamol. A doctor or pharmacist
should be consulted for a recommended dose.A
doctor's advice should always be sought for a child
whose temperature is 104F (40C) or higher.
Children should not be given aspirin. Several
studies link aspirin use in children with Reye's
Syndrome a severe illness that often is fatal.
Are there danger signs? Certain symptoms, when
combined with a fever, warrant an immediate call to
the doctor. These include:
spots on the skin, sensitive eyes and runny nose
itchy spots (chicken pox)
Stiffness in the neck or headache (a sign of a
more severe infection)
Occasionally, a child with a fever will have a
seizure. This is called a febrile seizure, and it
demands immediate attention from a doctor. The
seizures do not seem to be related to the height of
the fever, or to the rapidity with which it rises,
but a small number of children seem to be
predisposed to attacks. About 50% of the children
who suffer one febrile seizure will go on to have
another one. About 33% will have a third one. While
waiting for a doctor to arrive, it is important to
follow basic instructions:
the child upright and make sure they are
with the child and talk reassuringly
Watch for changes in breathing, and make sure
that the airways are kept open
Clear the area to prevent injury
not restrain as this can cause additional injury
placing a soft pillow or blanket under the
Loosen clothing to prevent injury and ease
vomiting occurs, turn the head to the side so
there is no risk of his choking on inhaled vomit
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need to pass test for contracts’ renewal|
MAKKAH: The Ministry of Health will not renew any work
contracts with doctors, nurses and medical technicians both
in private and government sectors unless they pass a test of
the Saudi Council for Health Specialties, Al-Madinah daily
“The Medical and Pharmacy Licensing Department of the Health
Directorate in the Makkah province has sent a memo to
medical and related establishments about the decision. The
department has also taken steps to prepare a database for
health establishments in the province,” Dr. Muhammad Al-
Mehmadi, director of the department, told the newspaper.
“The council rejected 1,500 certificates of doctors,
pharmacists, nurses and other medical technicians in various
medical specializations because it suspected the genuineness
of the documents during the past few months. The attestation
of the council has been rated very high not in the Kingdom
alone but internationally as well,” said Dr. Hussein Al-Feraihi,
secretary-general of the council. “Though the council did
not have the evidence to prove that all those documents were
forged, it has the right to reject a certificate if it
suspects its origin or credibility.”
The council detected 800 fake certificates while registering
and grading their certificates for registration. The fake
documents included those of doctors, pharmacists, nurses,
opticians, laboratory technicians and physiotherapists,
dental technicians and technicians of X-ray, sterilization,
anesthesia, EEG, labor rooms and blood banks.
“However, the council has learned that some of the holders
of rejected certificates are still working in their
respective establishments, even after it notified the
licensing department about such people,” he said.
He added that the licensing department did not have
sufficient number of inspectors to make field checks and
stop unqualified people from working. The council had
informed the Passport Department and the Ministry of Health
of the matter, he said.
He put the total number of barred medical workers in the
Kingdom at 12,000. The ban is either temporary or final. The
permanent ban is mostly because of the negligence in
professional ethics or unacceptable qualifications including
forgery. Temporary ban is for the workers who do not pass
the evaluation tests, which they might pass later after
attending more training programs, he said.
Meanwhile, Madinah Gov. Prince Abdul Aziz bin Majed ordered
a committee to study and evaluate the courses and activities
of all private medical institutes in the province. The
students of many of these institutes have been complaining
about the poor standards of teaching and training they
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Jobs listed in this issue
are for Health Professionals from consultant doctors to
hospital support staff.
highlights growing threat
There are some 17,000 man-made objects orbiting our planet
The collision between a US and
Russian satellite in space highlights the growing importance
of monitoring objects in orbit.
also shows that there are still significant capability gaps
in current systems set up for this task. There are about
17,000 man-made objects above 10cm in size that orbit Earth
- and the tally is constantly increasing. This in turn
raises the risk of collisions between objects.
Richard Crowther, an expert on space debris and near-Earth
objects, told BBC News: "It is unfortunate but inevitable,
first that we would see such a collision in Low Earth orbit,
and secondly - given the number of Iridium satellites in its
constellation - more likely that the Iridium system would be
affected rather than single satellite systems." The
commercial Iridium satellites comprised a network of 66
spacecraft up until the accident. According to Dr Crowther,
from the UK's Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC),
the group also occupies "a very crowded altitude of low-
Earth orbit". Nevertheless, experts say the incident was
extremely unusual. Although there have been some near-misses
and a few minor collisions, this is the first time two
intact satellites have crashed into each other. "Even with a
constellation of 66 satellites, if you do the geometry there
is still a huge amount of space," said Patrick Wood, head of
satellites at EADS-Astrium, Europe's biggest space company.
The craft were travelling at thousands of kilometres per
hour when they crashed into one another. "They were
travelling so fast, the timing of any collision would be
extremely difficult to predict. But also, the sheer
probability of two spacecraft hitting each other is
incredibly low," Mr Wood explained.
But experts now see another potential threat. Richard
Crowther explained: "Unique to the Iridium system is that
all the remaining 65 satellites in the constellation pass
through the same region of space - at the poles. "So the
debris cloud that is forming as a result of the Iridium
satellite breakup will present a debris torus of high
(spatial) density at 90 degrees to the equator that all the
surviving Iridium satellites will need to pass through."
Intact satellites share Earth's orbit with everything from
spent rocket stages and spacecraft wreckage to paint flakes
The diffuse mist of junk around our planet is the legacy of
51 years of human activity in space.
At orbital velocities, even small pieces of space debris can
cause serious damage to spacecraft.And both the Americans and Russians have networks of
tracking stations to monitor objects.
The US military operates 25 centres around the world
involved in space surveillance, including one at RAF
Fylingdales in the UK.
Russia's space surveillance facilities include an "Okno"
optical tracking system near Nurek, Tajikistan, and a "Krona"
long-range radar and optical tracking centre at Storozhevaya
in south-west Russia. China and the European Space Agency (Esa)
are developing their own systems. Experts would almost
certainly have been tracking the orbits of these two
spacecraft. But in addition to the probability of a
collision being vanishingly small, information on the
positions of objects in space is only approximate, not
Radars are generally used to track objects in low-Earth
orbit, while optical telescopes are often used to observe
objects further away from the Earth. Radio frequency
technology - a form of electronic surveillance - can be used
to assess whether or not satellites are active. An advanced
ability to monitor space debris, satellites, near-Earth
objects and solar activity is known as Space Situational
Awareness (SSA). Many experts see this as a step to space
traffic control. But co-operation on such matters between
countries are complicated by defence sensitivities. Sharing
data can betray the capabilities of a country's sensors. The
latest incident has produced the worst field of space debris
since China destroyed a defunct Fengyun 1-C satellite with a
missile in January 2007. That incident, designed to test an
anti-satellite weapon system, produced more than 2,000
separate fragments of debris.
On Christmas Eve, the US Air Force notified Esa that a
European weather satellite called Metop might be threatened
by a piece of debris from the Chinese A-Sat test.
Ultimately, no action was taken. But the event highlighted
Europe's near-total reliance on the US military for knowing
what is going on in space. Nasa has said it considers the
threat to the International Space Station (ISS) to be low,
but that the orbiting outpost could carry out a collision
avoidance manoeuvre if necessary. The ISS flies at an
altitude of about 350km (220 miles), well below the point,
some 790 km (490 miles) up, where the Russian and US
satellites collided. But experts say the Hubble Space
Telescope and Earth observation satellites at higher orbits
and therefore closer to the collision point, could be at
greater risk of damage. "The problem we've got is that there
is a debris cloud which is in two slightly different orbits
because of the spacecraft. The challenge now is to
accurately track that debris cloud," said Patrick Wood..
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Beauty is in ....
Spring season is setting in and we see colors all around us.
What a beauty to delight our eyes with- blossoming flowers,
lush green grass and foliages.
A farewell party to bid good bye to passing out class X and
XII was recently held in the school I teach in. Most of the
girls were dressed in gaudy clothing, had done makeup and
ornamented themselves with jewelry. However few were dressed
in relatively simple clothing and hardly any makeup. Yet
they looked beautiful. As the function progressed, and girls
moved on the stage, I wondered what beauty is in real sense.
People often tend to judge beauty by the conventional
standards. One is considered beautiful only if one has a
certain figure and face. Physical appearance is what most
rely on when categorizing something as beautiful. People
tend only to look on the outside and then compare what they
see with what is typically considered beautiful by the
world. Is beautiful really what is classed as gorgeous by
the laws of the world and glamour? No. I don’t agree to it.
It is sad to see girls (and boys as well) obsessed about
having zero size figures these days and taking all pains to
get fair complexion. It is a complex that society transfers
How often you come across a person who is pretty in
appearance but may not have a beautiful heart. Will you like
to be in company of such a person or the one who may not be
much acceptable by her/his appearance but has a golden heart
full of sincerity and goodness.
We meet people who may be fat, have wrinkled skin, bald
headed, blemishes on their face or may have any of the other
things. The society frowns upon them and consider as ugly.
Very few go beyond the physical appearance and try to look
in the beautiful soul and heart that is hidden behind this
not-so-pretty edifice. It is said, “Beauty lies in the eyes
of beholder” …I never understood the logic behind this
phrase. However sitting in the hall, watching the girl
perform, I decided that I shall try to understand this
famous quote. For next few days, everything and everyone
that I came across, no matter physically beautiful or ugly,
I tried to see them closer and discover their beauty. Each
individual was beautiful. Not necessarily the physical
beauty but each had a charm about them; for some their
beauty was in their polite manners, others had brains, some
had the beauty of courtesy and others had the sensible
Folks, try not to judge people and things on their
appearances. Look closer and you will find that everything
in this world in beautiful. Enjoy the beauty of friend's
affection, of child's innocence, of parental love, in milky
moon and the graceful rivers… And in doing so, beauty will
be mirrored in you.
Till next time, Allah Hafiz.
Tariq Holy City of Makkah-Ul-Mukarrama
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