Issue#147 1st June 2008
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Kulfi Pistay Wali
Pakistani Ice Cream

- Condensed milk 397g
- Evaporated milk 550ml
- Nestle cream 1/2 can (45g)  for machine and one full can for beater.
- Breakfast bread two slices, brown edges removed and cut into small pieces.
- Pistachio 2 tbs. ground & 2 tbs. sliced.
- Cardamom 1 tsp. ground.
- 1/2 tsp. kewra (screwpine)

Pour milk, cream and bread in the blender. Blend for few seconds.

2. Add ground pistachio, cardamoms and kewra in the milk mixture.
3. Pour mixture in the Ice cream machine (manual or electronic) and make ice cream according to manufacturer's instructions.
4. If you do not own a ice cream maker, pour the mixture into a suitable container and place in a freezer. In such case you must take the mixture out of the freezer every hour and whisk thoroughly with a beater for the first three hours and then let it set for several hours.
5. Allow kulfi gets soften by keeping it out of freezer for about 10 minutes.
6. Garnish with sliced Pistachio.
Note: If you like to use Almonds in place of Pistachios then use half cup of blanched almonds, cut into slivers.
For machine, always use rock salt to maintain the ice temperature

A quick and easy way to stick a tile back on the wall is to mix 1tb.sp flour and 1tb.sp salt to a thick paste with cold water, then secure it back to the wall. It sets hard and saves buying a whole packet of tile fixative.

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Major Source of Salt

Campaigners say it is important for people to cut the amount of salt they eat in their diet.
Too much salt is linked to high blood pressure, which is turn can increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.
The government watchdog the Food Standards Agency announced targets for reducing salt in a range of food products in 2006.

Why do we need salt?
Salt is a commonly occuring mineral, the technical name of which is sodium chloride. It is the sodium part of salt that is important. The body needs a certain amount of sodium to function properly.
Sodium helps to maintain the concentration of body fluids at correct levels. It also plays a central role in the transmission of electrical impulses in the nerves, and helps cells to take up nutrients.
Why is too much salt bad?

In adults, when levels of sodium are too high, the body retains too much water and the volume of bodily fluids increases.
Many scientists, although not all, believe this process is linked to high blood pressure, or hypertension, which in turn is linked to a greater risk of coronary heart disease and stroke.
With high levels of fluid circulating through the brain there is a greater chance that weaknesses in the brain's blood vessels are exposed, and that they may burst, causing a stroke.
Similarly, a greater volume of fluid passing through the heart can place additional strain on the organ, increasing the possibility of coronary disease.
However, there are many potential causes of hypertension and coronary heart disease, and some scientists deny that salt plays any significant role at all. An adult will be able to remove salt from the body through the kidneys into the urine.
However, very young babies do not have the capacity to process large quantities of salt as the kidneys are not yet developed.
If they are given adult food with a higher salt content before they are at least four months old, excess sodium can accumulate in the body, causing kidney, liver and brain damage, and in very occasional cases, death.
It is recommended that babies are given only milk, whether breast or formula, for the first four months of life.
Baby foods are supposed to contain lower levels of salt, and it is recommended that if adult foods are to be given, unprocessed foods should be used, and no salt added.
How much salt should we eat?
The government recommends that adults should eat 6g of salt a day. However, the average intake of salt is between 9g and 10g a day. Experts estimate that if average consumption was cut to 6g a day it would prevent 70,000 heart attacks and strokes a year.
The main sources of salt in the diet are processed foods and salt added during cooking or at the table. Meat and meat products, and bread can also be high in salt.
Processed foods are thought to account for around 75% of the average person's salt intake. However, research published in The Lancet medical journal suggested that most people could not tell the difference between loaves with markedly different salt content.
Salt is added to processed foods to aid preservation and to improve taste. Sodium is present in additives such as monosodium glutamate and sodium bicarbonate.
Small amounts of sodium can be found naturally in some foods such as eggs and fish. The salt we sprinkle on our food from cellar accounts for only 10%-15% of our intake.
What should we do?

Dr Wynnie Chan, a nutrition scientist for the British Nurtrition Foundation, says that everybody should look to reduce the amount of salt in their diet.
"It would have a significant effect on those people who need to reduce their salt levels because they are susceptible to hypertension, but it would also do no harm for the whole population to reduce its salt intake," she said.
Dr Chan said there were four main ways to reduce salt intake:

  • Stop adding table salt to food once it is served

  • Choose items with a reduced sodium content

  • Carefully monitor the salt content of processed food

  • Eat more fruit and vegetables - they contain potassium which balances the effect of salt on the body

Reading food labels can be confusing as they often give the sodium, rather than the salt content of food. To calculate the amount of salt in a product, multiply the sodium content by two-and-a-half times.

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Embassy has launched its website in Saudi Arabia. Following are forms that you can download and with a PDF reader load and then print. For further details visit embassy site.

Downloadable Public Forms

New Passport/Addition Copy
Report of Loss of Passport

National Identity Card for Overseas Pakistani’s
Visa Application Form  

Passport Renewal
Affidavit of Loss of Passport
Pakistan Origin Card  
Life Certificate Letter of Authority

A Leading Trading Company - Serving Power Generation Industry Needs
Electrical Engineer
B.E. from a reputed pakistani university.
Be able to help client- Make surveys for retrofit projects at Power Plants - Able to communicate with customer with confidence.
1. Salary between 5000 to 10000 depending on experience
2. Family Status
3. One month yearly vacation with salery and Tickets
4. Medical Insurance for family
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Send your latest C.V on following email address
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Record spin for newfound asteroid

Asteroid 2008 HJ

The fastest spinning natural object in the Solar System has been discovered by a British amateur astronomer.
The compact stony asteroid 2008 HJ - completes a full rotation once every 42.7 seconds, according to its discoverer Richard Miles.
That measurement smashes the previous record held by the asteroid 2000 DO8, which spins once every 78 seconds. The new finding was made by the amateur astronomer while operating the Faulkes Telescope South in Australia.
2008 HJ is estimated to be some 12m by 24m in size - smaller than a tennis court. Yet it probably has a mass in excess of 5,000 tonnes. It was moving at almost 162,000km/h (100,000 mph) when it hurtled past the Earth in late April. Despite being classified as a "near-Earth asteroid", it came no closer than one million km and never posed a threat to our planet.
But the discovery adds to astronomers' sparse understanding of very small asteroids in near-Earth orbits.
Dr Petr Pravec, an astronomer at the Ondrejov Observatory in the Czech Republic, and an expert in the field, commented: "A period of 42.7 seconds for an asteroid with a size of about 20 meters is perfectly consistent with theory.
"There may be a significant population of asteroids measuring up to a few tens of metres across, rotating in less than a minute, that have not been observed until now."
Mr Miles made the discovery while operating the Australian telescope remotely, via the internet, from his home in Dorset.

No Stopping it Now:
Seas to Rise 4 Inches or More this Century

As Earth gets warmer, large regions will experience heavier rain and snowfall as weather becomes generally more intense, according to a new study. "The models show most areas around the world will experience more intense precipitation for a given storm during this century," said lead researcher Gerald Meehl of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR).
A warmer world will also mean a wetter one.
"On average the global precipitation increases in a warmer climate," Meehl told LiveScience.

The increase in rain and snow will be on average about 10-20 percent, Meehl said. The more intense storms will most likely happen in late autumn, winter, and early spring. The largest increase in precipitation will occur over land in the tropics where the atmosphere is warming quickest.
Based on computer models, Meehl and his colleagues expect that the regions most likely to experience the more intense storms are places where large masses of moist air converge. These regions include northwestern and northeastern North America, northern Europe, northern Asia, the east coast of Asia, southwestern Australia and the south-central regions of South America.
The reason for the increase in storm intensity is that as the planet warms, the temperatures of the atmosphere and of the ocean surface go up as well, leading to increased evaporation and an increased capacity for the air to hold moisture. As this soggy air moves from ocean to land, the storms that form are heavier with rain or snow.
Even as some regions of the planet experience more intense storms, others will suffer a greater risk of drought during warmer months, the study concluded.
"As the climate gets warmer, we're going to feel these effects more and more strongly," Meehl said.
Separate research recently found that hurricanes are getting stronger but are occurring less frequently, likely due to warmer ocean temperatures.
In another recent study, NCAR researcher Jeffrey Yin used computer climate simulations to show that large-scale rain and snow storms known as frontal storms are moving polewards, driven also by global warming.
Meehl's study suggests that the planet will continue to see increased precipitation for several more decades, regardless of any changes humans make now. "Even if you could stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at present day levels, the system has a certain amount of thermal inertia and would take several more decades to stabilize," Meehl said. "You'd have to really decrease the rate that you're putting stuff in the atmosphere to get the concentrations to level out and that'll probably be fairly difficult politically."

That analysis is in line with other studies that indicate there is no way to stop the planet from growing warmer through this century.
The study was published in a recent issue of the journal Geophysical Research Letters.

Bravo Pakistan
invites all Youngsters* to come forward and participate in an Extempore Debate about Pakistan. Just be honest about your point of view and it would be appreciated.If you are interested in participating in the debate, please feel free to contact us at the following numbers: Ali Asif Rasheed 050 6877 030
The Budding Valley – Thinking of New Generation

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 Is It Wise to Follow the Crowd? 
Folks, hope you are all well and enjoying the “sunny weather”!
Today I would like to share one of my college days’ memories with you. Most of our batch fellows found ‘Discrete Mathematics’ a very tough subject. 90% students did not have good grade in the semester work. The grade we scored in our final exam was to determine our destiny-pass or fail. When our marked final papers were handed back to us, almost whole class got below the passing grade. As per college rules, comparative scaling was done due to which twenty percent students were declared pass in the subject. Fortunately, me and my friend were among the lucky twenty percent. That day my grandpa came to pick us from school. We told him that we are among the few students who have passed. When on his inquiry we told our marks (which were of course below fifty percent), his facial expression changed from delighted one to a solemn one. We explained the details- telling about the scaling etc.. He said that where we stand in a particular group doesn’t matter. What is important is our individual standing. He gave it a religious bend telling that each of us has to go in his own grave. There we will be rewarded or punished for our own deeds not of others. On Day of Judgment, each of us will be held responsible for what we did and not for others. The excuse that ‘I did this because others had done it  ...’ will not be accepted. Each of us has been blessed with faculty to judge.  We have to evaluate on our own before doing anything, saying anything… Following the crowd doesn’t ensure you are on the right track. We need not worry about what the crowd does and where it goes. For often it goes the wrong way. Following it will lead us to same destination. The words that got imprinted in my mind ‘The path to pass the tests of life is narrow and there are very few people on it.’
Now that I have actually entered the real practical life, I can understand the wisdom of these words. Majority of people lie, backbite and are into many vices, few people adhere to good human values of kindness, honesty, virtue. It is comfortable to do what others are doing, but what they are doing doesn’t lead to comfort.
Folks, I’ll sign off now leaving you with some food for thought.. "Wide is the gate and the road that leads to destruction is broad and its entrance is big, and many enter through it. But the road that leads to life is narrow and its gate is small, so few find it."

Ms. Amna Tariq Holy City of Makkah-Ul-Mukarrama

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