Father of The Nation: Qaid-e-Azam (some glimpses)
December 25, 1876: Muhammad Ali Jinnah is born in Karachi
Father's Name: Jinnah Bhai Poonja
Mother's Name: Mithi Bai
Jinnah Bhai and Mithi Bai got married in 1874
Sisters of Qaid-e-Azam: Rehmat, Mariam, Fatima and Sheerin
Brothers: Ahmed Ali, Bandey Ali
1882: Home tuition begins
1886: Admitted to Sind Madrasa tul Islam, Karachi. This high school to
this day displays a bold inscription,
"ENTER TO LEARN, GO FORTH TO SERVE."
1886 to 1892: Jinnah became an excellent young cricketer and captained the
team. He also became an
expert rider of horses. He loved horses because of their majestic stance,
running with their heads high
and chests prominent.
1890: The 14-year-old M.A. Jinnah saw a lawyer wearing a black gown in a
court of law. He told his
father: "Baba I will become a barrister."
1892: Frederick Croft, a British businessman and friend of Jinnah Bhai
Poonja strongly advises that the
junior Jinnah be sent to England for education.
1893: Jinnah played the role of Romeo for the Shakespeare drama company in
1894: M.A. Jinnah becomes a Barrister at Law at the age of 18. This stands
as a record to this day.
1894: Jinnah starts using his world famous monocle for reading.
1896: M.A. Jinnah returns to Karachi
1897 to 1900: Strives to establish his law practice in Bombay.
1900: He is appointed Presidency Magistrate in Bombay. He calls his
younger sister, Fatima, from
Karachi to Bombay to complete her education in a convent.
1903: Appointed legal advisor to the Bombay Municipal Corporation.
1906: At the age of 30, M.A. Jinnah becomes secretary to the "Grand Old
Man of India", Dada Bhai
Norojee of the All India Congress.
Journey to political heights:
1909: Jinnah is elected to represent in the Legislative Council of the
1913: Elected again for the Council 1913 towards London with the great
Indian Leader Gopal Krishna
1913: Joins the Muslim League upon returning to India.
1915: Since 1913, Jinnah held the unique position of being a member of the
All India Muslim League and
The Legislative Council of the British government. He is considered the
most respectable citizen of India
at the age of 39.
1918: Jinnah married the "Flower of Bombay," Rattan Bai Dinshaw. The
common interest between the
41-year-old groom and 18-year-old bride-was their fondness of horse
riding. The Parsi Rattan Bai
embraced Islam before marriage.
1919: The only child of M.A. Jinnah is born on Aug. 15-Dina Jinnah.
1920: Mohandas K. Gandhi renames the working committee of the Congress,
from Home Rule league
to the Hindi "Suraaj Sabha." At this juncture, Jinnah resigns from the
Home Rule League.
1920's: Gandhi promotes Hindu fundamentalism and gains cheap popularity
because of his antics. He
declares, "If Muslims or Christians slaughter one cow, we will shed rivers
of blood in India!"
1929: Mrs. Ratti Jinnah's untimely demise possibly due to Typhoid fever in
Bombay. She was only 29.
1931: M. A. Jinnah is saddened by his wife's death. Disheartened by the
politics of hatred propagated
by Gandhi and Congress, Jinnah moves to London.
1931: Round Table Conference in London. Chaudhry Rehmat Ali tells Jinnah
he will not accept crucifixion
at the hands of Hindu extremists. Allama Iqbal present at the conference
convinces M. A. Jinnah that
Indian Muslims must have their independent homeland.
1933: Allama Iqbal writes to M.A. Jinnah "Muslims of India are looking up
to you to lead them," Liaquat
Ali Khan tells M.A. Jinnah "Indian Muslims need you."
1934: M.A. Jinnah quits his blooming practice in London and returns to his
beautiful mansion in Mount
Pleasant Road, Bombay.
1936: Jinnah establishes the All India Muslim Students Federation
1937: M.A. Jinnah has breathed a new life in to the Muslim League.
May 29, 1937: Allama Iqbal writes to Jinnah " The only safe guard for
Muslims is to achieve a free home
land for them. Don't you think the time has come for this demand? A great
storm is nearing and Muslims
deserve to look up to you to captain their ship."
1937: Jinnah declares "Even if we have to go through fire and blood we
must march on to freedom,
otherwise, we will forever remain poor, weak, illiterate, and slaves of
Oct. 8, 1938: Karachi the British have unleashed wolves on the Arabs in
1938: Bombay, 3 a.m., August 14. A Hindu journalist asks Jinnah why he was
staying awake so late?
Jinnah responded, "I am awake because my nation is sleeping."
1938: Jinnah visits Allahabad. He ruled the hearts and minds of students.
They crowded the Allahabad
railway station in multitudes. The railway traffic had to be stopped for 2
Mar.23, 1940: Meeting of All India Muslim League at Lahore. The Lahore
Resolution (later on called the
Pakistan Resolution) was passed.
1940: Everyone starts calling M.A. Jinnah as "Qaid-e-Azam" The great
1940: Qaid-e-Azam introduces his English newspaper "DAWN" to fight
July 26, 1943: A 30-year-old tall and stout man, Rafiq Sabir tried to
assassinate Qaid-e-Azam with a dagger.
The 67-year-old slender Jinnah calmly grabbed his wrist. His staff
arrested the attacker. M. A. Jinnah
proceeds with his work as if nothing happened.
1943: British author Beverly Nichols interviews a Jinnah in Bombay. She
writes "Dialogue with a Giant-
M.A. Jinnah is the most prominent personality in Asia."
1945: The Working Committee of the Muslim League requests Quaid-e-Azam to
accept becoming the Life
President of the League. Qaid-e-Azam declines insisting on yearly
Jan. 1946: Muslim League registers a resounding victory in general
June 3, 1947: Qaid-e-Azam gives the great news of freedom to Indian
Muslims. From All India Radio,
Delhi he exclaims "Pakistan Zindabad!"
Aug. 7, 1947: Jinnah flies from Delhi to Karachi.
Aug. 14,1947: Hindu fundamentalist partly RSS tries to assassinate
Qaid-e-Azam as he is driven to the
Government House. For some reason the bomb thrown on his car fails to
explode. Qaid-e-Azam declines
a personal bodyguard.
Apr. 15 1948: His health continues to decline. On medical advice, Jinnah
temporarily moves to a scenic
place, Ziyarat near Quetta but he refuses to stop working.
Jul 1, 1948: Comes to Karachi for the opening ceremony of the State Bank
of Pakistan. Asserts, "The
western economic system will not grant us prosperity. We will have to
devise our destiny on the principle
on human equality and social justice." This was the last official
engagement of M.A. Jinnah.
Aug 29, 1948: "I have completed my mission" (at Ziyarat).
Sep. 11, 1948: Moves back to Karachi.
Sep.11, 1948: 10:20 pm, the great leader breathed his last at the
Government House in Karachi.
Some Glimpses of a Life Extraordinary (1876-1948)
"Unity, Faith, Discipline," the motto for our nation.
§ "Pakistan was established when the first Indian accepted Islam and
Hindus called him
§ "Rise from the dust, so that our clothes remain unsoiled and our hands
clean for the greater
tasks that fall to them."
1902: A rich businessman offered Jinnah 5000 rupees to handle his case.
Jinnah answered directly,
"Five hundred rupees per day is my fee or find another lawyer." Jinnah won
the case in 3 days. The
businessman Haji Abdul Kareem tried to pay Rs. 5000, but he failed to
convince Jinnah to accept more
than Rs. 1500.
§ When a rich Hindu landlord protested at the amount of Jinnah's fee, he
replied, "You can't
travel in a Pullman (luxury class) with a third-class ticket."
1913: Muhammad Ali Jinnah is called the Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity
by prominent Hindu
1918: "A neat, charismatic, well-mannered, young man, a master of logic.
The most intelligent man
I have seen," Lord Montego Chelmsford.
At age 40: "The word failure is unknown to me."
1922: "I have no desire for any position or title. You may simply call me
Jinnah or Mr. Jinnah."
1938: "In India, Jinnah was the unpurchaseable leader," Liaquat Ali Khan.
1940: "One's whole life can be built around moral strength, courage, hard
work and persistence."
1940: "I am willing to see Gandhi but you can't say that I wish to see
§ Jinnah abhorred the "vague, philosophical absurdities" of Gandhi.
1941: When advised to take rest by his loving sister he replied, "Fatima!
Have you ever heard of a
general going on vacation while his army is at war?"
Dec. 18, 1943:
"The most important man in Asia is 67, tall, thin and elegant, with a
monocle on a gray silk cord and a stiff
white collar," Beverly Hill Nichols, in her interview with the great
leader titled Dialogue With A Giant.
1945: "I am an old man and I have all the luxuries of life. Why am I
toiling hard? It is for you, for the
poor of the nation."
§ "If India ever attains freedom, it will be because of Jinnah," Gopal
Krishna Gokhle, 1931.
§ "Jinnah was faultless in both ethics and virtue," Sarojini Naidu.
1946: "In Islam, the ultimate obedience belongs to God alone. The only way
to follow His Guidance is
the Holy Qur'an. Islam does not preach obedience to a king, parliament,
person or any institution. The
Islamic government means Rule of the Qur'an. And how can you establish
Rule of the Qur'an without
an independent state? In this state, legislations will take place in the
boundaries drawn by the Qur'an"
1946: "No power on earth can prevent (the creation of) Pakistan!"
§ "There is no tribunal to which we can go. The only tribunal is the
§ "What are our utmost demands? The answer is Pakistan."
§ "Democracy is in the blood of Muslims. I'll give you an example. Very
often when I go to a
mosque, my chauffeur stands side by side with me."
1947: "His youth was spotless," Sarojini Naidu.
§ "Jinnah is the Muslim League. For him, people invariably fall into line.
No one has any doubt
what he means when he speaks," Mr. R.G. Casey, Governor of Bengal.
§ "Work for the good of the common man," (addressing the leaders of the
§ "Exceptional inner worth, vitality and endurance with eager humanity, a
simple, winning humor
as a child," Sarojini Naidu.
§ "Oh yes, he had charm. And he was so good looking. Mind you, I am sure
he was aware of his
charm. He knew his own strength," a Parsi lady who was a contemporary and
a neighbor of Jinnah in Bombay.
§ "Sarojini Naidu, called the "Nightingale of Bombay" wrote romantic poems
to Jinnah. As far as
Jinnah was concerned, she sang in vain," Begum Raana Liaquat Ali Khan.
§ "Jinnah was completely free from extremes of emotions," Liaquat Ali
§ "Do not criticize others when you yourselves have not yet learned to
respect the sanctity of law."
§ "Scholarship should come first and politics after."
May 13, 1939:
Muhammad Ali Jinnah orders his fortunes to be distributed between Aligarh
University, Islamia College,
Peshawar, and the Sind Madrasa, Karachi.
§ "To the end of his life, he made no effort to court popularity or to
please the press," Lord
§ "I believe in criticizing the government freely and frankly. But at the
same time, it is the duty of
every educated man to support and help the government when the government
§ "The word "holiday" was foreign to Jinnah's active mind, sister Fatima
§ "To doubt Muhammad Ali Jinnah's sincerity was to question the law of his
life," Hector Bolitho.
§ "I first decide what is right and I do it. The people come around me and
the opposition vanishes."
§ "Gandhi was not happy if he achieved his objective through logical
progression. He appealed to
emotions. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was logical, practical, and appealed to
reason," Sir D.B. Cunningham.
§ "Gandhi was an instrument of power, Jinnah was power," states the
physician who incidentally
had treated both leaders. The doctor adds, "Gandhi was unclothed before
his disciples, Jinnah was clothed
before his disciples, that was the difference between them."
§ "M.A. Jinnah is such a smart man, how could he not make history. I
admired the tremendous
personality and his inexorable determination," Field Marshall Sir Claude
§ "Jinnah was a man without malice," General Sir Douglas Gracey.
§ "All the conferences in the world cannot reconcile Hindu and Muslim
§ "It is as important to unlearn as it is to learn."
§ "The force of Jinnah's convictions and his inimitable style struck large
audiences into wonder
and agreement," Hector Bolitho.
§ "Jinnah's eyes were the 'twin lamps of truth', only the honest could
look him straight in the eye,"
Begum Raana Liaquat Ali Khan.
§ "The single-mindedness and persistent integrity of Muhammad Ali Jinnah
gave him the victory
over all his adversaries," M.K. Gandhi.
§ "Jinnah apart from his integrity, which was frightening, was a powerful
man, when he decided
to dominate anyone an individual and a multitude, He spoke to Urdu
understanding masses in English but
they listened bewitched!" Professor Khalid Bin Saeed.
§ "A spade should be called a spade."