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Ali Asif Rasheed
Eng. Syed Ashfaque Mazhar
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A Segment by Ali Asif Rasheed
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6 cups chicken broth
- 3 skinless, chicken thighs with bones
- 3 tbsp. butter
- 1 cup finely chopped onion
- 3 garlic cloves, minced
- 1\2 cup diced peeled carrots
- 1\2 cup diced celery
- 1/2 tsp. dried oregano
- 1 1\2 ounces dried egg noodles
- 1 cups frozen corn kernels
- 2 tbsp. minced fresh parsley
- salt and pepper
1.Combine broth and chicken thighs in large pot. Bring to
boil. Reduce heat; cover and simmer until chicken is cooked
through, about 15-20 minutes.
2. Using tongs, remove chicken from broth. Cool slightly. Cut
meat from the bones and keep aside. Strain broth into large
2. Melt butter in heavy large pot over medium heat. Add onions
and garlic, sauté until onion is soft, about 5 minutes.
3. Add carrots, celery, and oregano. Cover; cook until
vegetables soften, stirring occasionally, about 5 minutes. 4.
Add broth and bring to boil. Reduce heat; simmer until
vegetables are almost tender, about 10-12 minutes.
5. Add noodles; simmer 5 minutes. Add chicken and corn; simmer
until noodles are tender, about 5 minutes. 6. Add parsley and
season with salt and pepper.
on Pakistani Cuisine
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Depression is an illness that
involves feelings of sadness lasting for two weeks or longer,
often accompanied by a loss of interest in life, hopelessness,
and decreased energy. Such distressing feelings can affect
one's ability to perform the usual tasks and activities of
This is considered to be clinical depression. It is very
different from a temporary case of "the blues" triggered by an
unhappy event or stressful situation.
Depression affects the mind, but this doesn't mean "it's all
in your head." Depression is a medical illness linked to
changes in the biochemistry of the brain.
Depression is not a weakness of character. Being depressed
doesn't mean a person is inadequate. It means the person has a
medical illness that is just as real as diabetes or ulcers.
Like other medical disorders, clinical depression should not
be ignored or dismissed. A clinically depressed person cannot
simply "snap out of it" any more than a person with an ulcer
could simply will it away.
But depression is highly treatable in the vast majority of
cases. Up to 90% of depressed people respond positively to
treatment. Sometimes psychotherapy or counseling is all that
is needed, but there is also a wide array of effective
antidepressant medications and alternatives available.
Clinical depression is an umbrella term used to describe the
most common forms of depression, which include:
Major depression, also known as melancholia or unipolar
depression, can last up to a year if not treated. A person
experiencing an episode of major depression will experience
some physical problems, such as headaches or digestive upset,
in addition to emotional difficulties.
Bipolar disorder, once called manic depression, causes mood
swings that soar to unusual elation, and then plummet to
depression. A person with severe bipolar disorder may also see
or hear things that are not there and experience paranoia (a
feeling that they are in danger).
Dysthymia is a chronic (ongoing), low-grade depression. It
often begins in childhood or adolescence and may last for many
years in adulthood if not treated. It is a less severe form of
clinical depression, but at times it can be almost as
disabling as major depression.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a form of depression
thought to be triggered by a decrease in exposure to sunlight.
In the Northern Hemisphere, the condition usually occurs in
late fall and winter, when daylight hours are short, and it is
more common in geographical areas that have four clearly
Nice To Know:
Perhaps nowhere is the connection between mind, body,
wellness, and illness more striking than in depression. It is
now believed that human emotions, including sadness, elation,
and anxiousness, are governed to some extent by chemical
reactions in the brain. That is only the beginning. Scientists
have only recently begun to unravel the complex interplay
between factors that contribute to depression. Illness,
heredity, psychological traits, and social environment are all
believed to play a role.
Facts about depression
Depression affects nearly 17 million Americans.
It is the most common mental illness, yet fewer than half of
depressed people seek help.
Depression affects one in five people at some point in their
It is the leading cause of suicide.
It reportedly afflicts twice as many women as men (although
some observers speculate that this could be because fewer men
admit they need treatment).
Depression affects four times as many people over age 65 as
those in other age groups.
Depression has affected countless accomplished people
throughout history, including Abraham Lincoln, Ernest
Hemingway, Peter Tchaikovsky, Charles Dickens, Virginia Woolf,
and Mary Shelley.
The number of people who experience depression has increased
with every generation since World War II.
Nice To Know
Facts about the form of depression known as bipolar disorder:
Bipolar disorder occurs in about one in 10 people with
It usually begins before the age of 30.
It strikes men and women equally.
It is twice as likely as major depression to run in families.
Bipolar disorder triggers more frequent and severe episodes of
illness than does major depression.
How can I save?
I have a dual-boot system
that I use to switch between Win NT Workstation 4.0 and
Win 98. The operating systems are on different partitions,
both accessible o each. Unfortunately, I recently slipped
up and converted my Win 98 partition to FAT32, so it’s now
inaccessible to Win NT. Is there anything I can do?
A: There are 2 basic approaches: revert your FAT32
partitions to FAT16, or modify Win NT so that it can
recognize FAT32 partitions. To revert to FAT16 you’ll need
a utility such as partition Magic which will change a
partitions file system without reformatting. A better
solution may be FAT32 for Windows NT, which you can find
www.sysinternals.com. This little utility is simple to
install, requires no configuration, and gives access to
FAT32 partition instantly. A free read-only version is
available for download, or you can upgrade to a full
CP internet cards are the cheapest in the market. This we
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as well when they buy CP internet cards. So next time when you buy your pre-paid card, buy
Contact Pakistan Internet card. This way you do your part to
support our sponsors who do so much for all of us.
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Father of The Nation:
By Narjis Asif
Types of headaches
Headaches are so common that they have become one of life’s
routine/problems. They’re so routine that you usually just
take a couple of pain relievers, go on about your business and
forget about it. But did you know that there are different
kinds of headaches?
These are caused mostly by physical or psychological stress (or
both) from muscles contractions around the eyes, face, neck
and even shoulders; or an imbalance in some of the naturally
occurring neuro-transmitters or brain chemicals.
These are also known as histamine caphalgia and cause an
excruciating pain on one side of the head around the eye or
nose. They may recur several times within a couple of days.
Sometimes they are variants of migraine headaches, but may
also be due to histamine release, and therefore, be related to
This inflammation of the lining of one of the eight sinus
cavities can cause a deep, dull, chronic ache around the eyes,
nose and head.
Temporomandibular Joint pain is the result of an imbalance in the
teeth or jaws resulting from a mechanical problem or muscle
contraction around the joint where the lower jaw joins the
face (on the side of the cheekbone in front of the ear).
Overuse of pain medication, caffeine or sedatives causes rebound
headaches when these substances wear off. The result is
usually greater discomfort. Mild to moderate dull pain, or
diffuse pain over the forehead or back of the head is what can
These are severe, debilitating and recurrent, are accompanied by
disturbances of vision and/or nausea and vomiting. There is no
single cause of migraine. It tends to run in families, but the
exact mechanism of inheritance is not understood. In a
susceptible person, a migraine
may be brought on singly or in combination by stress, food
(particularly chocolate, cheese and other dairy products, red
wine, fried food and citrus fruits), sensory related factors
(bright light, glare, loud noises), menstruation or birth
control pills. Next time you get a headache, think about what
type it might be and this might help in determining the proper
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Sparrow's song shows
can piece together a complete song by only hearing parts
of it, scientists have found.
The findings could help researchers establish how memory
works in humans, especially in relation to how we learn
Professor Gary Rose, of the University of Utah, US, found
that white crown sparrows learned a complete song, in the
correct order, despite only ever hearing overlapping
segments of it. It is hoped that working in this way with
groups of young sparrows will shed light on the mechanisms
of memory and learning. "The experiment was set up to
determine whether or not birds could produce a normal
song, having only heard components of the song - having
never heard the whole song," Dr Rose told the BBC World
Service. "That was to test something specific with respect
to the representation of the memory of the song - is the
memory a full account of a song in its normal cadence, or
is the memory little bits of snippets?" he said on the
Science In Action programme.
Dr Rose taught the birds by playing back segments of the
song twice a day. He took the original song - recorded
from a sparrow in the field - and used a computer to
fragment it. When played back, each bird was acoustically
isolated from the others.
"It wouldn't have been of much
interest if they couldn't put it together - but they did,"
he said. "Our hypothesis was that if we provided
information about the linkages between phrases... then the
birds could potentially use that information to
reconstruct the song." Each segment ended with an overlap
to the beginning of the next. This overlap was the
information the sparrows needed to piece the song
Back to front
Dr Rose said that he had not been surprised the birds were
able to do this - but he had been surprised that they had
also been able to learn a song played backwards, and to
sing it accordingly.
"That surprised me a bit because all natural white crown
songs begin with a whistle, and we know that there's a
strong, innate disposition to begin a song with a whistle
- they'll do it even if they haven't been tutored," he
"So to put together a reverse song is going
counter-current to their innate tendency. "But although it
was a little more difficult, in fact birds could put
together reverse songs as well." He said that this showed
the powerful importance of the pattern of early learning
experience. "That's a very important issue in neurobiology
- the role of experience in shaping the functional
organisation of the brain," he said. "This is very, very
powerful in many instances."
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AROMATHERAPY– NATURAL HEALING -
Further to my last article on “Hair Loss”, the discussion on
hair care is incomplete without the mention of Dandruff. Let
us get some facts straight about dandruff. Dandruff is the
inflammation of the superficial layers of the skin whether it
be on the scalp or any other part of the body. While the
causes of dandruff are various, it can certainly be
transferred genetically and can get aggravated with emotional
and physical stress and with climatic change, becoming worse
in winter. Dandruff can either be greasy or dry. The
manufacturers of dandruff shampoos, unfortunately, are not in
the business of treating dandruff permanently, otherwise who
would buy their products. If you have resolved to solve this
problem from the root, you must first begin with dietary
changes avoiding fried foods, white sugar and dairy products.
Eat more of green, leafy vegetables and raw organic foods.
Additional nutritional help should be taken in the form of
Vitamins B, A, zinc and omega fatty acids (please consult a
physician before taking these supplements). Next, there should
be minimal stress in life, lots of fresh air (the hair needs
to breathe fresh air as well) followed by a little bit of
exercise and lots of water intake. Now you are ready to gain
maximum benefits from Aromatherapy. The essential oils that
help uproot dandruff are: Cedarwood, Tea tree, Cypress,
Lavender, Lemon, Rosemary, Thyme, Sage, Carrot seed, Juniper
berry, Geranium and Sandalwood among others. You may add appox.
20 drops of any of these oils to 100ml of a mild shampoo and
voila! You have created a dandruff shampoo for yourself. As an
additional nighttime treatment (twice a week) you may mix any
of these essential oils to Apple Cider Vinegar in the ratio of
1 drop of e.o to one tsp of A.C.Vinegar. Massage this oil only
on your scalp, leave overnight, and wash off with your
self-created dandruff shampoo in the morning.
Choose hair oils / shampoos
that contain Juniper berry, Cedarwood, Rosemary or Lemon (for
greasy dandruff) and Lavender, geranium or Sandalwood (for dry
(facts collected from works by Shirley Price, Cathy Wong and
For Reiki/Aromatherapy sessions/products, please contact
Lamees at 0506463801 or email: soft_L@yahoo.com 10%
discount for CP members. 15% discount on this month’s
“Anti-Dandruff Aroma Oil” for CP members.
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young Pakistanis, we hope that you would like the new setup of your
section. We would like you to participate and make it much bigger
than what it is now. Send us your stories, poems and drawings.
Asked for it". Children can ask all those odd questions and we will try to
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Another year has almost passed by and we are about to
enter in year 2005. It is time to analyze ourselves to find
how much we have progressed both as individuals and as a
Socrates (469 BC - 399 BC) is a world renown scholar.
He is known for his words of wisdom. He was teacher of Plato,
another name of international fame. He is known for activating
the dormant abilities of youth of his times.
One day, an acquaintance of Socrates came to him in a
perplexed condition. He told Socrates that he has heard
something about his student which he wish to relate to him.
Socrates, with much patience, was able to stop the man from
just spilling out what he desired to relay to Socrates.
Socrates told him, "Before telling me you have to pass through
a test known as Triple filter test. It means that what
will be told to me has to be filtered through three filters.
First filter is that of Truth. Have you assured the
genuineness of what you want to tell me? Are you sure that it
is hundred percent true? That person hesitated a little and
replied "well...no... actually I just heard that ….". "Fine",
replied Socrates. It shows that you do not even know the
authenticity of the thing that you desire to relay to me. Let
us proceed to second filter which is filter of Goodness.
Socrates asked the man, " Is the thing that you want to tell
me about my student, a good one?" . The man, agitated,
replied," No, not at all. Its rather opposite i.e it has bad
aspect in it." .Socrates replied, "This means that what you
want to tell me about my student is something that is immoral
and about which you are not even sure if it is true or not".
Anyways, let's move to the third filter. It is dominant over
the previous two filters and may be you clear it. This final
filter is of "utility or usefulness". Socrates asked the
person "Is what you are desiring to tell me of any use to
me?". The man, embarrassed, replied," Certainly not". Socrates
with a satisfied look questioned, "Well man! You tell me is
there any use in hearing to something whose authenticity is
questionable, which does not fall in category of good and
above all it is of no use to me."
If, in the world of today, we analyze our day to day
discussions and chit chats, we will come to know that most of
those fail to pass the triple filter test. The spread
of unauthentic information cause chaos. It also causes bad
feelings for others thus resulting in disharmony. Evil today
has spread also because of this habit of masses. When people
see bad, they tell others of it and gradually the words spread
and those who had been indulged in evil act behind the scenes
because of the feeling of guilt, find themselves satisfied and
rather encouraged …believing that "its not only me
involved...others too are doing it". Communicating about
immoral and wrong acts can be devastating.
We can play our role to improving the society by being
watchful of our speech and of those who want to talk to us. If
we start filtering our arguments and chats through these
triple filters of Socrates, we will not only find ourselves
much more peaceful and contented but also the current
disharmony present in our societies will also be reduced.
Mrs. Amna Tariq
December 11, 2004
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