Issue #72 15th December 2004
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December 15th 2003

Central Region
Ali Asif Rasheed

Eastern Region
Liaqat Anjum

Western Region
Eng. Syed Ashfaque Mazhar

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Chicken Noodle Soup

- 6 cups chicken broth
- 3 skinless, chicken thighs with bones
- 3 tbsp. butter
- 1 cup finely chopped onion
- 3 garlic cloves, minced
- 1\2 cup diced peeled carrots
- 1\2 cup diced celery
- 1/2 tsp. dried oregano
- 1 1\2 ounces dried egg noodles
- 1 cups frozen corn kernels
- 2 tbsp. minced fresh parsley
- salt and pepper
1.Combine broth and chicken thighs in large pot. Bring to boil. Reduce heat; cover and simmer until chicken is cooked through, about 15-20 minutes.
2. Using tongs, remove chicken from broth. Cool slightly. Cut meat from the bones and keep aside. Strain broth into large bowl.
2. Melt butter in heavy large pot over medium heat. Add onions and garlic, sauté until onion is soft, about 5 minutes.
3. Add carrots, celery, and oregano. Cover; cook until vegetables soften, stirring occasionally, about 5 minutes. 4. Add broth and bring to boil. Reduce heat; simmer until vegetables are almost tender, about 10-12 minutes.
5. Add noodles; simmer 5 minutes. Add chicken and corn; simmer until noodles are tender, about 5 minutes. 6. Add parsley and season with salt and pepper.

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What Is

Depression is an illness that involves feelings of sadness lasting for two weeks or longer, often accompanied by a loss of interest in life, hopelessness, and decreased energy. Such distressing feelings can affect one's ability to perform the usual tasks and activities of daily living.
This is considered to be clinical depression. It is very different from a temporary case of "the blues" triggered by an unhappy event or stressful situation.
Depression affects the mind, but this doesn't mean "it's all in your head." Depression is a medical illness linked to changes in the biochemistry of the brain.
Depression is not a weakness of character. Being depressed doesn't mean a person is inadequate. It means the person has a medical illness that is just as real as diabetes or ulcers. Like other medical disorders, clinical depression should not be ignored or dismissed. A clinically depressed person cannot simply "snap out of it" any more than a person with an ulcer could simply will it away.
But depression is highly treatable in the vast majority of cases. Up to 90% of depressed people respond positively to treatment. Sometimes psychotherapy or counseling is all that is needed, but there is also a wide array of effective antidepressant medications and alternatives available.
Clinical depression is an umbrella term used to describe the most common forms of depression, which include:
Major depression, also known as melancholia or unipolar depression, can last up to a year if not treated. A person experiencing an episode of major depression will experience some physical problems, such as headaches or digestive upset, in addition to emotional difficulties.
Bipolar disorder, once called manic depression, causes mood swings that soar to unusual elation, and then plummet to depression. A person with severe bipolar disorder may also see or hear things that are not there and experience paranoia (a feeling that they are in danger).
Dysthymia is a chronic (ongoing), low-grade depression. It often begins in childhood or adolescence and may last for many years in adulthood if not treated. It is a less severe form of clinical depression, but at times it can be almost as disabling as major depression.
Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a form of depression thought to be triggered by a decrease in exposure to sunlight. In the Northern Hemisphere, the condition usually occurs in late fall and winter, when daylight hours are short, and it is more common in geographical areas that have four clearly defined seasons.
Nice To Know:
Perhaps nowhere is the connection between mind, body, wellness, and illness more striking than in depression. It is now believed that human emotions, including sadness, elation, and anxiousness, are governed to some extent by chemical reactions in the brain. That is only the beginning. Scientists have only recently begun to unravel the complex interplay between factors that contribute to depression. Illness, heredity, psychological traits, and social environment are all believed to play a role.
Facts about depression
Depression affects nearly 17 million Americans.
It is the most common mental illness, yet fewer than half of depressed people seek help.
Depression affects one in five people at some point in their life.
It is the leading cause of suicide.
It reportedly afflicts twice as many women as men (although some observers speculate that this could be because fewer men admit they need treatment).
Depression affects four times as many people over age 65 as those in other age groups.
Depression has affected countless accomplished people throughout history, including Abraham Lincoln, Ernest Hemingway, Peter Tchaikovsky, Charles Dickens, Virginia Woolf, and Mary Shelley.
The number of people who experience depression has increased with every generation since World War II.
Nice To Know
Facts about the form of depression known as bipolar disorder:
Bipolar disorder occurs in about one in 10 people with clinical depression.
It usually begins before the age of 30.
It strikes men and women equally.
It is twice as likely as major depression to run in families.
Bipolar disorder triggers more frequent and severe episodes of illness than does major depression.

How can I save?

Q: I have a dual-boot system that I use to switch between Win NT Workstation 4.0 and Win 98. The operating systems are on different partitions, both accessible o each. Unfortunately, I recently slipped up and converted my Win 98 partition to FAT32, so it’s now inaccessible to Win NT. Is there anything I can do?
A: There are 2 basic approaches: revert your FAT32 partitions to FAT16, or modify Win NT so that it can recognize FAT32 partitions. To revert to FAT16 you’ll need a utility such as partition Magic which will change a partitions file system without reformatting. A better solution may be FAT32 for Windows NT, which you can find at This little utility is simple to install, requires no configuration, and gives access to FAT32 partition instantly. A free read-only version is available for download, or you can upgrade to a full read-write version.

CP internet cards are the cheapest in the market. This we achieved under an agreement with Zajil Internet Co. CP members also enjoy free bonus hours as well when they buy CP internet cards. So next time when you buy your pre-paid card, buy Contact Pakistan Internet card. This way you do your part to support our sponsors who do so much for all of us. We would like to thank Zajil once again for their support.

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Father of The Nation:
(some glimpses)
By Narjis Asif

Types of headaches
Headaches are so common that they have become one of life’s routine/problems. They’re so routine that you usually just take a couple of pain relievers, go on about your business and forget about it. But did you know that there are different kinds of headaches?

Tension headaches:
These are caused mostly by physical or psychological stress (or both) from muscles contractions around the eyes, face, neck and even shoulders; or an imbalance in some of the naturally occurring neuro-transmitters or brain chemicals.

Cluster headaches:
These are also known as histamine caphalgia and cause an excruciating pain on one side of the head around the eye or nose. They may recur several times within a couple of days. Sometimes they are variants of migraine headaches, but may also be due to histamine release, and therefore, be related to allergic sinusitis.

This inflammation of the lining of one of the eight sinus cavities can cause a deep, dull, chronic ache around the eyes, nose and head.

TMJ pain:
Temporomandibular Joint pain is the result of an imbalance in the teeth or jaws resulting from a mechanical problem or muscle contraction around the joint where the lower jaw joins the face (on the side of the cheekbone in front of the ear).

Rebound headache:
Overuse of pain medication, caffeine or sedatives causes rebound headaches when these substances wear off. The result is usually greater discomfort. Mild to moderate dull pain, or diffuse pain over the forehead or back of the head is what can be experienced.

Migraine headaches:
These are severe, debilitating and recurrent, are accompanied by disturbances of vision and/or nausea and vomiting. There is no single cause of migraine. It tends to run in families, but the exact mechanism of inheritance is not understood. In a susceptible person, a migraine may be brought on singly or in combination by stress, food (particularly chocolate, cheese and other dairy products, red wine, fried food and citrus fruits), sensory related factors (bright light, glare, loud noises), menstruation or birth control pills. Next time you get a headache, think about what type it might be and this might help in determining the proper cure.

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Sparrow's song shows memory secrets
White crowned sparrow (Marcus G Martin)Sparrows can piece together a complete song by only hearing parts of it, scientists have found.

The findings could help researchers establish how memory works in humans, especially in relation to how we learn languages.
Professor Gary Rose, of the University of Utah, US, found that white crown sparrows learned a complete song, in the correct order, despite only ever hearing overlapping segments of it. It is hoped that working in this way with groups of young sparrows will shed light on the mechanisms of memory and learning. "The experiment was set up to determine whether or not birds could produce a normal song, having only heard components of the song - having never heard the whole song," Dr Rose told the BBC World Service. "That was to test something specific with respect to the representation of the memory of the song - is the memory a full account of a song in its normal cadence, or is the memory little bits of snippets?" he said on the Science In Action programme.

Backwards songs

Dr Rose taught the birds by playing back segments of the song twice a day. He took the original song - recorded from a sparrow in the field - and used a computer to fragment it. When played back, each bird was acoustically isolated from the others.
[This is] a very important issue in neurobiology - the role of experience in shaping the functional organisation of the brain
Professor Gary Rose

"It wouldn't have been of much interest if they couldn't put it together - but they did," he said. "Our hypothesis was that if we provided information about the linkages between phrases... then the birds could potentially use that information to reconstruct the song." Each segment ended with an overlap to the beginning of the next. This overlap was the information the sparrows needed to piece the song together.

Back to front

Dr Rose said that he had not been surprised the birds were able to do this - but he had been surprised that they had also been able to learn a song played backwards, and to sing it accordingly.
"That surprised me a bit because all natural white crown songs begin with a whistle, and we know that there's a strong, innate disposition to begin a song with a whistle - they'll do it even if they haven't been tutored," he explained.
"So to put together a reverse song is going counter-current to their innate tendency. "But although it was a little more difficult, in fact birds could put together reverse songs as well." He said that this showed the powerful importance of the pattern of early learning experience. "That's a very important issue in neurobiology - the role of experience in shaping the functional organisation of the brain," he said. "This is very, very powerful in many instances."


Further to my last article on “Hair Loss”, the discussion on hair care is incomplete without the mention of Dandruff. Let us get some facts straight about dandruff. Dandruff is the inflammation of the superficial layers of the skin whether it be on the scalp or any other part of the body. While the causes of dandruff are various, it can certainly be transferred genetically and can get aggravated with emotional and physical stress and with climatic change, becoming worse in winter. Dandruff can either be greasy or dry. The manufacturers of dandruff shampoos, unfortunately, are not in the business of treating dandruff permanently, otherwise who would buy their products. If you have resolved to solve this problem from the root, you must first begin with dietary changes avoiding fried foods, white sugar and dairy products. Eat more of green, leafy vegetables and raw organic foods. Additional nutritional help should be taken in the form of Vitamins B, A, zinc and omega fatty acids (please consult a physician before taking these supplements). Next, there should be minimal stress in life, lots of fresh air (the hair needs to breathe fresh air as well) followed by a little bit of exercise and lots of water intake. Now you are ready to gain maximum benefits from Aromatherapy. The essential oils that help uproot dandruff are: Cedarwood, Tea tree, Cypress, Lavender, Lemon, Rosemary, Thyme, Sage, Carrot seed, Juniper berry, Geranium and Sandalwood among others. You may add appox. 20 drops of any of these oils to 100ml of a mild shampoo and voila! You have created a dandruff shampoo for yourself. As an additional nighttime treatment (twice a week) you may mix any of these essential oils to Apple Cider Vinegar in the ratio of 1 drop of e.o to one tsp of A.C.Vinegar. Massage this oil only on your scalp, leave overnight, and wash off with your self-created dandruff shampoo in the morning.
Helpful Tip: Choose hair oils / shampoos that contain Juniper berry, Cedarwood, Rosemary or Lemon (for greasy dandruff) and Lavender, geranium or Sandalwood (for dry dandruff).
(facts collected from works by Shirley Price, Cathy Wong and Valerie Worwood)
For Reiki/Aromatherapy sessions/products, please contact Lamees at 0506463801 or email: 10% discount for CP members. 15% discount on this month’s
special “Anti-Dandruff Aroma Oil” for CP members.

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Another year has almost passed by and we are about to enter in year 2005. It is time to analyze ourselves to find how much we have progressed both as individuals and as a society.
Socrates (469 BC - 399 BC) is a world renown scholar. He is known for his words of wisdom. He was teacher of Plato, another name of international fame. He is known for activating the dormant abilities of youth of his times.
One day, an acquaintance of Socrates came to him in a perplexed condition. He told Socrates that he has heard something about his student which he wish to relate to him. Socrates, with much patience, was able to stop the man from just spilling out what he desired to relay to Socrates. Socrates told him, "Before telling me you have to pass through a test known as Triple filter test. It means that what will be told to me has to be filtered through three filters. First filter is that of Truth. Have you assured the genuineness of what you want to tell me? Are you sure that it is hundred percent true? That person hesitated a little and replied " actually I just heard that ….". "Fine", replied Socrates. It shows that you do not even know the authenticity of the thing that you desire to relay to me.  Let us proceed to second filter which is filter of Goodness. Socrates asked the man, " Is the thing that you want to tell me about my student, a good one?" . The man, agitated, replied," No, not at all. Its rather opposite i.e it has bad aspect in it." .Socrates replied, "This means that what you want to tell me about my student is something that is immoral and about which you are not even sure if it is true or not". Anyways, let's move to the third filter. It is dominant over the previous two filters and may be you clear it. This final filter is of "utility or usefulness". Socrates asked the person "Is what you are desiring to tell me of any use to me?". The man, embarrassed, replied," Certainly not". Socrates with a satisfied look questioned, "Well man! You tell me is there any use in hearing to something whose authenticity is questionable, which does not fall in category of good and above all it is of no use to me."
If, in the world of today, we analyze our day to day discussions and chit chats, we will come to know that most of those fail to pass the triple filter test. The spread of unauthentic information cause chaos. It also causes bad feelings for others thus resulting in disharmony.  Evil today has spread also because of this habit of masses. When people see bad, they tell others of it and gradually the words spread and those who had been indulged in evil act behind the scenes because of the feeling of guilt, find themselves satisfied and rather encouraged …believing that "its not only me involved...others too are doing it". Communicating about immoral and wrong acts can be devastating.
We can play our role to improving the society by being watchful of our speech and of those who want to talk to us. If we start filtering our arguments and chats through these triple filters of Socrates, we will not only find ourselves much more peaceful and contented but also the current disharmony present in our societies will also be reduced. 
Mrs. Amna Tariq Makkah-ul-Mukarrama December 11, 2004

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