Credit Rabia Bookstore
May 1st Issue
Abdul Rauf Mughal
Eng. Syed Ashfaque Mazhar
Designed and published
by CP global Team. Contents are verified and approved by
Global Content Manager
Embassy of Pakistan
ID CARDS NOTIFICATION
Excel Sheet VIRUS FREE
Click here for Saudi Govt. Important sites
in Last Issue
what is the senior
citizen allowance status in income tax act 1979. If any senior
citizen try to apply the senior citizen allowance, case
disqualify from SAS. Pl tell me why this problems in the law.
There is no senior citizen allowance in the Income Tax
Ordinance, 1979 now
replaced by Income Tax Ordinance 2001. When there is no
question of senior citizen in the law, there is no
disqualification of senior citizen from availing benefit of
SAS. From July 2003 when the ordinance 2001 would be enforced
everybody is eligible for SAS irrespective of income except in
the case of declared losses. No favour to senior citizen in
respect of taxation.
Advocate Supreme Court
Click to ask your
To Hedge or
not to Hedge : Hedge or Mutual
1 large orange
- 1 grapefruit
- 1 large bananas
- 2 celery sticks
- 3\4 cup grapes
- Crisp lettuce leaves
- 1\4 tsp. Dijon mustard
- salt and freshly milled pepper
- 2 tbsp. vinegar
- 6 tbsp. olive oil
the orange and grape fruit, remove the white pith and separate
into segments. Discard any pips and place the segments in a
2. Shred the celery finely, peel and slice the banana, halve
and deseed the grapes. Add the fruits and celery to the
grapefruit and orange.
3. Place salt, pepper, mustard and vinegar in a small bowl and
stir to dissolve the seasoning. Add olive oil and whisk until
the mixture becomes emulsified and slightly thickened.
3. Toss the salad ingredients together with sufficient
dressing to coat the fruits.
4. Line a salad bowl with lettuce and top with salad.
Refrigerate for two hours.
To remove permanent marker ink from any hard surface, spray it
with deodorant and rub hard with a soft cloth
World's Largest Site
Share your recipe with Community
scientists and scholars have contributed immensely to human
knowledge especially in the period between 8th and 14th
century CE. However, their contributions have been largely
ignored, forgotten or have gone un-acknowledged.
I would like to share my few collections through CP. So,
people can read fascinating accounts of some of the most
talented Muslim scholars in history whose contributions have
left lasting marks in the annals of science, astronomy,
medicine, surgery, engineering and philosophy.
Mohammed Obaid - Al Khobar
With thanks to
Author Irfan Sattar
Muhammad Ibn Musa Al - Khwarizmi
Toddlers and Preschoolers are eye level to electrical outlets
and like to poke objects in them. Most parents have the
outlets covered, but what do you do if your child's gets
curious at a home where they are not covered and pokes a screw
driver into the outlet? Or perhaps they are playing with a
wire that is old and coming apart, they stick it into their
mouth and are getting shocked.
A severe electric shock may knock a child unconscious, burn
them, cause internal damage and may stop breathing. A mild
shock may simply hurt and scare them. This article is what to
do in severe shock cases.
If your child is getting an electrical shock your first
instinct is to grab them away from the current, but don’t! You
will be joined into the electrical current and not be able to
help your child. Your first step is to switch the current off,
if you can. If this is not possible, you need to get a
nonconductive item like a wooden stick, or a broom handle and
push away or lift off the source of the current. Push it far
enough away so that it won’t re-conduct, then quickly run back
to the victim.
Now that the current is disconnected from your child, check to
see if they are breathing. To do this put your finger under
the jaw to feel a pulse and your ear by their nose, watch for
the rise and fall of their chest. If they are not breathing
start Cardio Pulmonary Resucitation and call for emergency
If they are breathing you should take them into the emergency
room for an examination. There can be internal injuries that
you can not see, even if the external burn looks minor. You
can treat the burn, if it looks minor, like a normal burn.
But, going to the emergency room should preclude this if it
was a severe shock.
Here are some of the best Excel keyboard shortcuts. The
shortcuts are also sometimes listed next to the menu option.
Try mastering a few of these shortcuts, then move on and learn
some more. This is an abridged list. Hit F1 to open the Office
Assistant, then type "keyboard shortcuts" for a more complete
list organized by topic.
- Select the column: Ctrl + spacebar
- Select the row: Shift + spacebar
- Select all: Ctrl + A
- Move to the first cell in a worksheet: Ctrl + Home
- Move to the last cell on the worksheet: Ctrl + End
- Go to the bottom, right, top, or left of the worksheet:
Ctrl + arrow keys
you try it?
child’s school lunch safe…
Use an insulated lunch box
At least once a week, wipe
the inside of the lunch box with a paper towel dampened with a
weak solution of bleach and water (1 teaspoon of bleach per
gallon of water).
Include an ice pack in the
lunch bag. Or freeze a juice box and use it as an ice pack.
Make sandwiches from cold
Scrub all fruit and
vegetables with a vegetable brush under running water before
placing in the lunch box.
Instruct your child to wash
his or her hands with warm water and soap before lunch and to
keep from touching doorknobs, friends’ hands, chewing gum wads
under the desk before sitting down to eat.
Instruct you child to throw
out any leftover food.
Here are some common sense tips that can help drivers keep
their minds and eyes on the road:
- Never apply make-up, or shave while
- Use care if you're drinking hot beverages
while driving - get a spill-proof mug. Eating while
driving can also be a distraction.
- Don't allow conversations with passengers
to draw your attention from what's happening around you.
- If you're looking for an address, or
trying to view scenery, pull off the road at a safe
- If a stinging insect enters your vehicle,
pull off the road at a safe location before you try to
- Trying to change a tape, CD, or radio
station can draw your attention from the road. Try waiting
until you stop to make the change, or purchase a CD player
that accepts multiple compact discs.
- For drivers who smoke, use care when
lighting your cigarette. If you drop your cigarette, pull
off the road at a safe spot before trying to find it.
- Being unfamiliar with a vehicle's
equipment and console can be a distraction for drivers. If
you're driving a new vehicle, take a few minutes to
familiarize yourself with its features. Be sure you know
how headlights, windshield wipers, and other safety
equipment work before you hit the road.
in Last Issue
Embassy of Pakistan
ID CARDS NOTIFICATION
you try it?
Thanks to Almighty CP KSA team has conducted yet another
(Quiz on Pakistan and its history) for Pakistani females
who are members of Humnawa Ladies Club Riyadh. Details of the
event are in Riyadh news section. We would like to thank the
team of Humnawa who realizes how important it is to enhance
the knowledge of Pakistanis about their country. We love to
sponsor such organizations who arrange events that are more
than a 'Social evening'. We hope to continue supporting such
organizations utilizing CP resources. And the strength being
the largest virtual community center for Pakistanis in the
WORLD with well over 300,000 members
<prove us otherwise>
enjoying fruits of unity!
Our forthcoming event for ladies is a seminar that will
be held in Riyadh on 8th of May inshaAllah. This event is
sponsored for Silsila ladies literary club.
All Silsila members are requested to contact Mrs. Anjum Waheed
Seat for this seminar are limited.
We plan to offer training on the following areas.
1) Positive use of Internet
2) Urdu Word Processing (Using Inpage software)
All such female events are conducted by CP KSA Ladies wing and
Hand in Hand we work together for the betterment of our
community and for a greater Pakistan.
Together WE can make a difference - So if you operate a
professional forum or community organization, you can always
contact CP to help you arrange such educational events. Your
members are not required to be CP members. We are not doing
all this for any publicity. We support organizations with a cause and that
is to unite each and every Pakistani and let them help each
We do not sponsor
or personality profiling
CP SCREEN SAVERS
Why do we offer these screen savers?
Our main objective of these screen savers is to promote
the stunning beauty and culture of our Pakistan. By having
these screen savers on your PC provides you chance to serve
your country by simply sharing these images with others around
you. Perhaps someone around you would decide to visit
Pakistan. It is such a simple and easy way to promote
Tourism industry of our country.
So why to have screen savers of others why not have your own
country's beauties. Be proud to show your country!
DOUBLE MAZA QUIZ
Click Here to Win
INVITE A FRIEND FREE INTERNET
Total entries 743 - Only three members qualified for
Sponsor NESMA Internet Co.
Ever Tried our regular quiz offering so
invited and Won
Community member who
Rasheed Waheed Ansari
Mohd. Anwar Chohan, Ras
- By inviting more friends in our invitation will give
you better chance to win!
Ladies Club Celebrates Pakistan Day
In attendance of Mrs. Abdul Aziz Mirza, wife of H.E. the
Ambassador of Pakistan to the Kingdom
Club held its function on 24th April at the Palm
Villas function hall. The theme of the program was Pakistan
Day. The program began with recitation from Holy Qur’an and
Hadeeth. This was followed by an address from the Hamnawa
Jamil. Mrs Jamil highlighted the need for Pakistan to focus on
education and produce a generation of literate people to lead
the country. Rahila Lone, the General Secretary
read the minutes of the last meeting and
spoke about the history of the struggle for independence and the sacrifices made by our leaders and people alike.
Mrs Lone said that the country and
its people need to make similar sacrifices now to realise the
goals of our forefathers.
The Treasurer, Shaheen Mirza submitted the quarterly report
outlining the state of the group’s finances. This was followed
by the program. The highlight of the program was the play by
Mr Khawaja Moin-uddin, the classic drama serial “Taleem e
Balghaan”. The drama although written in the 50’s still
contains themes which are relevant this day. The drama was a
hit and enjoyed by all present.
second part of the event was a quiz presented by
ContactPakistan.com and its team of sponsors. Details are in
CP news report. Next came a Tableau
about Pakistan’s independence and sufferings during this
The final segment was an address by the Patron of the Hamnawa
Abdul Aziz Mirza.
Mrs Mirza presented gifts and certificates to all the
participants. She stated the need for Pakistan and its people
to move forward. The patron called on the community to look
within themselves and bring to the fore those values and
ideals that would help not only better ourselves but also our
The program was a tremendous success
and the audience voiced their need for a similar function
in not too distant future.
(By Mrs Rahila Lone,
General Secretary, Hamnawa Ladies Club)
CP Pakistan Day
Quiz for Hamnawa Ladies Club
in association with Hamnawa
ladies club arranged an educational quiz which was part of
Humnawa's Pakistan Day celebrations. Over 120 ladies of
Pakistan attended the event which started with recitation from
Holy Qur'an and later presented a three part program.
Bj, Co-Founder of ContactPakistan.com in her opening speech
said, ContactPakistan is an international virtual community
welfare organization that offers its free professional
services to its members worldwide including over 8000 members
in KSA. Our help is not only limited to individual Pakistanis
but to all Pakistani organizations that are based on the
concept of community
welfare, she added. She said, we make sure that our
activities are either focused to achieve the target of educating or
enhancing knowledge of Pakistani community or for the welfare
of a group or an individual. It is our tradition to help other
organizations in all possible manner, she added. In the end she
thanked all the sponsors who helped CP to make this mega event
The quiz was conducted by CP Ladies wing team member Yasmeen
Abid. Winners were awarded electrical appliances, carpet, free
internet hours and dinner coupons. There were prizes for
everyone in the hall which included free internet cards and
packs of spices.
We would like to thank our KSA events sponsors Zajil Internet Co., Kalamkaar
Furniture, Mizan Masala, Cocopalm Restaurant and Hamid Carpets for sponsoring
this educational event.
Computerized Help Desk at PISR
(CP, Riyadh)- To facilitate the parents and students, a
computerized help desk has been established in the main office
of the Pakistan International School, Riyadh. The Principal
told CP that the school intends to start preparation classes
for the students appearing in F.Sc examination to professional
institutions like engineering and medical colleges. Interested
students should intimate their names to the school office by
April 27, 2003. Meanwhile, provisional admissions for 11th and
‘A’ level classes were completed by April 23, and regular
classes will commence Saturday, April 26, 2003, according to a
newsletter. Matric classes for Science Group will start May 4,
2003, while Matric classes for Arts have started April 19, it
The present chairman BoD said that all genuine demands of
teachers and students, including improvement in the transport
system, would be looked into sympathetically to improve this
institution, academically and administratively. The chairman
said the new BoD has taken over the charge from the previous
BoD on April 8, 2003, with a monthly deficit of more than
Pak School Principals Urge to Improve Exam System
(CP, Riyadh)- The principals of the nine Pakistani
international schools in the Kingdom, with enrolment of about
30,000 students, have urged the Federal Board of Intermediate
and Secondary Education Islamabad, to improve its examination
and registration systems by providing syllabi and books in the
timely manner. They have recommended that paper setters for
the federal board examinations for 9th to 12th classes should,
wherever feasible, be engaged from overseas Pakistani teachers
also. These teachers are well conversant with the courses
taught in the overseas institutions, affiliated with the
board. Currently, all papers are set by teachers within
Pakistan and, it is noted that overseas teachers have a little
role in setting these examination papers.
It is pointed out that private students have been facing
formidable problem in getting their fee drafts in dollar. And
in case a draft is arranged, $20 is charged as extra fee on
each draft as bank service charges. To cope with this problem,
it is recommended that overseas students, numbering thousands
every year, be permitted to provide bank drafts in Pak rupees.
The examination fee for Higher Secondary School Certificate (HSSC
Part I & II) is currently $160, which is too high for the
majority of students coming from the working class. The
principals asked the board to reduce these fees.
It is proposed that annual examination for Class 9 and 10 may
be taken as one examination (combined) as was the practice in
the past. The educationists asked the board to appoint
supervisory staff for supplementary exams locally from
different institutions, as the number of candidates is
normally low. The principals have also suggested that frequent
link and quick interaction should be established between the
board and the overseas schools.
The process of communication should be speeded up to avoid
inordinate delay and embassy channel may be used in urgent
matters. Simplified method should be used by the board to
avoid extra financial burden or bank service charges on
submitting examination forms by private students. It is
suggested that overseas students help desks should be set up
in the Pakistan embassy, Riyadh, consulate general, Jeddah,
and other schools in major cities to facilitate overseas
students in solving their examination and registration
problems, which are confronted by overseas students from time
to time. Regional inspectors for the board examination should
be assigned from nearby cities or towns. To facilitate
examination system, curricula and other academic matters
between the board and overseas schools frequent meetings may
be arranged, they noted.
Remittances without paying any bank charges
(CP, Jeddah) Very soon, Pakistani expatriates in the Kingdom
will be sending money to their country with out paying any
remittance charges. Habib Bank of Pakistan in association with
Al Rajhi Banking & Investment Corporation of Saudi Arabia will
soon launch a scheme under which Pakistani customers will be
able to send remittances without paying any bank charges, said
Khalid Bin Shaheen, Vice President and Director Habib Bank
Limited, Gulf Region. Shaheen was in the Kingdom to give final
touches to the proposed scheme.
a large gathering on Thursday, April 17, 2003, at the Pakistan
Consulate General Office in Jeddah in the presence of Admiral
(R) Abdul Aziz Mirza, Ambassador of Pakistan in the Kingdom of
Saudi Arabia Shaheen reminded that at present Al Rajhi Bank
charges some amount as transfer fee from the remitters for
each transaction. But after the new scheme is launched, Habib
Bank, with the help of Central Bank of Pakistan will reimburse
the fee to Al Rajhi on behalf of the remitters. However, the
bank official said, “This benefit will be available only to
the customers sending more than $100 for the purpose of family
maintenance. And this facility will not be applicable on
drafts”. Shaheen said that Habib Bank is keen to provide
hassle-free and best possible services to its customers. He
said that Zakir Mahmood, President of Habib Bank and Khaleeq
Kiani, head of bank’s overseas network were keen to provide
all possible service and benefits to Pakistani customers who
are sending money to their family back home. This was one of
the reasons the bank sends its officials at a regular interval
to various cities of the Kingdom, Shaheen said.
The scheme will be available at all remittance centers and
branches of Al Rajhi Bank to all customers sending money to
Pakistan for family maintenance for their accounts with any
bank in Pakistan.
During his stay here in the Kingdom Shaheen also visited
various labour camps in Jeddah, Riyadh and Dammam and
addressed groups of Pakistani workers at various places. He
held meetings with a cross section of Pakistani community in
Madina and Makkah as well. He listened to their complaints
and assured them that Habib Bank will strive to facilitate
Pakistanis through all possible ways in the field of
remittances. In the last few months Shaheen has paid visits to
more than 100 labour camps where he met with tens of thousands
of Pakistani workers. In answer to a question Shaheen said
that the President of Habib Bank is keen to develop the legal
channel of banking for remittances, which will have positive
implications both for the economy of Pakistan and will be in
compliance with the policies of the host country.
The proposed scheme is also aimed at curbing the illegal
practice of sending money through other channels and for
boosting the awareness among the masses especially,
expatriates that fund transfers through Hawala/Hundi and
illegal channels is a loss and disservice to Saudi host and
His Excellency Ambassador of Pakistan in the Eastern Region
(Mohammad Obaid) A Pakistani Community gathering was organized by
Pakistan Community Council (PCC) at Dhahran International
Hotel in the honor of His Excellency Admiral (R) Abdul Aziz
Mirza during his first visit to the Eastern Province.
event started with the recitation from Holy Qu’ran by Bilal
Waheed. Engr Jawaid Inam, Secretary General, NED Engineers
Forum conducted the responsibilities of Stage Secretary. Malik
Mushtaq, Patron–in-Chief welcomed the distinguished guest, H.E the Ambassador of Pakistan to the Eastern Region
and appreciated his commitment towards problems related to Pak
community in KSA.
Mohammad Aslam, Senior Vice President, PCC admired the
Ambassador’s visit, he gave a brief on the achievements of PCC
since 1999. The details of PCC achievements are as follows:
formed in October 1999 after the approval of the By Laws. The
objective of the platform was to bring all sixteen parties and
forums together and strengthen the community position in the
Constructed two schools with the help of donors from the
Eastern Region, costing $23,000 and $34,000 in the rural areas
of Gujrat and Karachi respectively.
Contributed SR10,000 as scholarships for needy students in the
Contributed as living expenses for more than 100 Kashmiri
orphans at SR1,200 per annum.
Contributed SR60,000 as fine for two innocent Pakistani
prisoners in the Eastern Region.
Contributed SR 350,000 in the drought relief fund.
Contributed SR 200,000 in Prime Minister’s “Qarz Uttaro Mulk
Contributed SR22,000 to Ansar Burny Trust.
Engr Jawaid Inam introduced H.E the ambassador of
Pakistan Admiral (R) Abdul Aziz Mirza to the community and
requested him to address the audience.
Ambassador thanked the PCC towards their achievements for the
community and assured all attendees about his continuing
co-operation and patronage for them.
As it was an open discussion he answered number of questions
the audiences. The majority of questions from the community
were about the present crises in the Middle East and the role
of Pakistan. Finally he thanked community and
emphasized all Pakistanis to follow the Unity, Faith and
In the end Sajid Khan Abbasi, President PCC thanked the HE
Ambassador and the audience for their participation and making
the function a success.
Remittance Using Legal Channels can earn more Duty
(Mohammad Obaid) On April 15, 2003 a meeting was organized at
Al-Mojil Compound Al-Khobar by Waseem Haider a leading
businessman in the
Region. The meeting was in the honor of Khalid Bin Shaheen,
Director – Home Remittance from GCC countries and Vice
President Habib Bank Limited stationed at Dubai.
The meeting was attended by many Pakistanis from all walks of
life working in the Eastern Region. Khalid Shaheen explained
all about different schemes going on by Habib Bank Limited and
Overseas Pakistanis Foundations for the Pakistani Community in
the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He answered lot of quires of the
attendees regarding remittance to Pakistan. During his speech
he stated that very shortly the remittance to Pakistan through
Al-Rajhi Banking and Investment Corporation will be free of
charge. This will be announced shortly in the local news
papers and Inshallah will boost up the volume of remittance to
Khalid further stated about the latest Silver and Gold cards
scheme of Overseas Pakistanis Foundation. OPF will be issuing
Silver and Gold cards on the remittance of equivalent to $
2500 for Silver and $ 10000 for Gold cards. The benefits of
these cards are as follows;
counters are established by OPF at arrival and departure
lounges at all International Airports of Pakistan for
special handling of Overseas Pakistanis.
issuance and renewal of Pakistani Passport on an urgent
allowance against personal baggage scheme for a valve of
$700 for Silver and $ 1200 for Gold cards during a calendar
In the end the Eastern Region representative Rashid ul Islam
of Habib bank Limited thanked Shaheen for attending the
gathering and briefing the Pakistani community about the
financial policies of State Bank of Pakistan and all about
what Habib Bank Limited is planning to facilitate the
Pakistani community in remitting money to Pakistan.
Shaheen thanks all the attendees for giving the opportunity to
meet them and explain them about HBL policies. He finally
emphasized all Pakistani Community Members to use the proper
banking channel for remitting money to Pakistan.
Khalid Bin Shaheen
Talks to ContactPakistan
Bin Shaheen, Director – Home Remittance from GCC countries and
Vice President Habib Bank Limited stationed at Dubai, visited
the Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia during first week of April
2003. The purpose of his visit to the Eastern Region was to
work with Al-Rajhi Banking local authorities for enhancing the
formalities for remittance to Pakistan by the Pakistani
Community from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
decided by CP Team to have an interview with Shaheen to have
all details for the community. The task was assigned to
Click Here to read the complete Interview
Would you like to report events in the Eastern region of
Write to Our Content Manager
Ever Tried our regular quiz offering so
Send your question
Noble Mission of providing Non-Commercial Education
The city like Karachi where life is so fast that it looks that
everybody is running and is short of time. Everybody is trying
to make an extra Rupee no matter how…!!! Schools in Karachi
are shifted from normal school buildings to residential
buildings and the tuition fees in all the private schools in
Karachi are sky high. In such atmosphere there are still good
people exits that are there and want to be in this business
but with noble mission, providing education to the future of
Pakistan on non-commercial basis.
Last year Contact Pakistan introduced “CYNOSURE
MONTESSORI & SCHOOL” established two years back in
Gulshan-e-Iqbal Karachi. This school was established by
Mohammad Obaid who is the resident of Eastern Region of the
Obaid bhai has lately started the second branch of “Cynosure
Montessori & School” in North Karachi. During my last vacation
I visited the second branch of the school. It was a real
pleasure in meeting the dedicated staff and the
students–future of our homeland the young Pakistan. Obaid bhai
stated that he is determined in promoting his mission by
expanding the branches of Cynosure in all corner of Karachi
and providing better education on non-commercial basis.
The offer what Mr. Obaid mention during his interview to CP is
still valid, the location of the school is A-828, Sector 11-B
North Karachi. ContactPakistan.com wishes Obaid Bhai the best
of luck in fulfilling his mission and developing a better
young future Pakistan.
Click to read about school and for images of 2nd branch.
Iqbal Khan (Global Content Manager)
Students / Parents counseling,
Investment Center and special requests in various sections
are only available to CP Members
Join the United Pakistan where only humanity matters!
Punjab plain comprises mainly the province of
Punjab. It is the gift of River Indus and its five
Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej and
Beas. The plain spreads from the south of Potohar plateau up to
approaches river Indus. The
plain is almost a featureless plain with a gentle
slope southward averaging one foot to the mile. The
only break in the alluvial monotony is the little
group of broken hills (100 ft-1,600ft.) near Sangla
and Irana on either side of the Chenab. The entire
plain is extensively irrigated by a network of
canals. This system has been greatly expanded and
improved in recent years by the construction of
link-canals, dams and barrages as a result of the
Indus Water Treaty with India, which awarded the
three western rivers (Indus, Jhelum and Chenab) to
Pakistan, and the three eastern rivers (Ravi, Sutlej
and Beas) to India. Tarbela Dam on river Indus and
Mangla Dam on River Jhelum, which have water storage
capacities of 11.1 million acre ft. and 5.55 million
acre ft. respectively, need a special mention.
Irrigation water is supplemented by summer and
winter rains (15-20 inches) so that a variety of
crops is raised, the major ones being wheat, rice,
cotton and sugarcane. The region has earned the name
of granary of Pakistan. However, the blessings of
canal irrigation have not been without a curse,
which render about 100,000 acres of land
unproductive every year through water logging and
salinity. The menace has been greatly controlled
through salinity control and reclamation projects.
Agricultural development boosted urbanization and
industrialization so that the region has emerged as
the most important economically developed area of
Pakistan, containing over 56 per cent of the
population and most of the commercial and industrial
centers of the country, such as Lahore (2,922,000),
(730,000), Gujranwala (596,000), Sialkot (297,000)
and Gujrat (154,000).
south eastern section of the region known as
cholistan is under-developed. This tract is parched
and thirsty. The summer temperature average 51.7 oC
and the area remains under the grip of extremely hot
winds. The surface of this desert consists of a
succession of sand dunes rising in places to a
height of 500 ft. with vegetation peculiar to sandy
tracts. There is no soil down to the lowest depth
except sand; bitter water is, however, sometimes
found at depth of about 80-100 ft.
Potohar Upland, commonly called the Potohar Plateau,
lies to the south of northern mountains and is
flanked in the west by River Indus and in the east
by River Jhelum. This 1,000-2,000 ft. (305-610 m)
upland is a typical arid landscape with denuded and
broken terrain characterized by undulations and
irregularities. These are a few outlying spurs of
Salt Range in the
south, and those of Khair Murad and
Kala Chitta Range
in the north. Two seasonal streams-Rivers Haro and
River Soan-flow from east to the west and after
crossing the region in the north and in the middle
respectively, fall in the Indus. River Kanshi
traverses the eastern part of the plateau from north
to south and drains into River Jhelum. These rivers
and other hill torrents have cut deep valleys and
are of little use for irrigation. Agriculture is
thus almost entirely dependent on rainfall of 15-20
inches and on the small dams built in the catchments
areas of the streams.
Fields of wheat, barley, jowar, bajra and pulses are
found in valley bottoms and on the terraced slopes
along river banks. A new economic factor has been
introduced by the establishment of a few factories
in Rawalpindi and Islamabad and a large industrial
area in the Taxila-Wah-Hassanabdal triangle, where a
large cement factory was already in existence. The
region is particularly known for its oilfields in
Khaur-Dhulian neighborhood, the ancient civilization
sites in Soan valley, the ruins and the Buddhist
University at Taxila and the new capital, Islamabad,
which stands north of the old city of
Rawalpindi(806,000) at the southern slops of Murree
hills, the popular Holiday resort of the country.
Salt Range the ramparts of the Salt Range stretching
from east to west in the south separate Potohar
upland from the Punjab plain. The average height of
the Salt Range is about 700 meters, but near Sakesar
in Sargodha district, it rises to 1,500 meters,
making summer pleasant. The southern face is
remarkably steep, dissected and intensely arid. But,
the northern slope is gentle and has sparse
vegetation of oleanders and wild olives. The top of
the range is a narrow belt of isolated plateaus and
basins, where, sparse stunted trees and fields of
wheat and maize are found. However, the real
importance of the salt mines lies in the large
deposits of pure salt at Khewra and Kalabagh and the
large seams of coal at Dandot and Makerwal. Punjab
Share with us your part of Pakistan
young Pakistanis, we hope that you would like the new setup of your
section. We would like you to participate and make it much bigger
than what it is now. Send us your stories, poems and drawings.
No Image of Young Pakistani Received
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A new segment for our dear Children "You
Asked for it". Children can ask all those odd questions and we will try to
bring them answers. Asking question is rewarding as well.
Each published question will earn 10 hours free internet
access by Zajil Internet Co. So what are we waiting for
Ask your question now!
PISJ (English Section)
Organizes Field Trip
By Syeda Mehrunnisa
Published for the benefit of young children
With permission from
Astronaut R. Mike Mullane
Liftoff is the true story of the
author achieving his childhood dream of flying into space. The
story blasts young readers into space and thrills them with the fear
and excitement of riding a space shuttle and watching the earth from
300 miles in orbit. This is an educational, inspirational, and
motivational story. With flashbacks to his youth, the author
emphasizes his "normal" childhood. He wasn't academically gifted.
He wasn't an athlete. He wasn't popular. Yet, he was able to make
a dream come true. Mullane's message is that any child can aim for
and achieve significant dreams. Here is episode 1 for you.
Click for Episode
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